Jozef Keckes

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Collagen type I is the most abundant structural protein in tendon, skin and bone, and largely determines the mechanical behaviour of these connective tissues. To obtain a better understanding of the relationship between structure and mechanical properties, tensile tests and synchrotron X-ray scattering have been carried out simultaneously, correlating the(More)
The mechanisms behind compressive stress generation in gymnosperms are not yet fully understood. Investigating the structure–function relationships at the tissue and cell level, however, can provide new insights. Severe compression wood of all species lacks a S3 layer, has a high microfibril angle in the S2 layer and a high lignin content. Additionally,(More)
The remarkable mechanical properties of biological materials reside in their complex hierarchical architecture and in specific molecular mechanistic phenomena. The fundamental importance of molecular interactions and bond recovery has been suggested by studies on deformation and fracture of bone and nacre. Like these mineral-based materials, wood also(More)
Cellulose films were prepared by dissolving lyocell fibers in LiCl/N,N-dimethylacetamide solvent and subsequently coagulating and drying them under ambient conditions. To introduce preferred orientation, the films were uniaxially drawn under air-dry and rewetted conditions, respectively. Preferred orientation was determined by birefringence measurements and(More)
The variation of the mean microfibril angle (MFA) and the shape of the cross-section of lumen with the distance from the pith in fast grown Norway spruce were studied by X-ray scattering and optical microscopy. The samples were from stems of a clone of Norway spruce [ Picea abies (L.) Karst.] grown in a fertile site at Nurmijärvi, southern Finland Both the(More)
Density, elastic modulus and the pair distribution function of Co-Fe-Ta-B metallic glasses were obtained by ab initio molecular dynamics simulations and measured for sputtered thin films using x-ray reflectivity, nanoindentation and x-ray diffraction using high energy photons. The computationally obtained density of 8.19 g cm(-3) for(More)
An in situ small-angle x-ray scattering study of the nanoparticle displacement in a self-assembled monolayer as a function of a supporting membrane strain is presented. The average nanoparticle spacing is 6.7 nm in the unstrained state and increases in the applied force direction, following linearly the membrane strain which reaches the maximum value of(More)
The mechanical properties and structure of cactus Opuntia ficus-indica spines were characterised in bending and by means of x-ray diffraction. Using spruce wood cell walls for reference, the modulus of elasticity of Opuntia cactus spines was high in absolute terms, but comparable when specific values were considered, which can be explained by similarities(More)
Real-time reassembly of an ordered nanoparticle monolayer due to UV-photolysis of the surfactant shell of nanoparticles was observed. The technique of grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering provided the possibility to track in situ the nanoparticle pair correlation function of the sample processed in a UV-ozone reactor. The analysis revealed a total(More)
Cellulose nanofibrils were prepared by mechanical fibrillation of never-dried beech pulp and bacterial cellulose. To facilitate the separation of individual fibrils, one part of the wood pulp was surface-carboxylated by a catalytic oxidation using (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-yl)oxyl (TEMPO) as a catalyst. After fibrillation by a high pressure(More)