Jozef J. Van Beeumen

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The first enzyme of the phenylpropanoid pathway, Phe ammonia-lyase (PAL), is encoded by four genes in Arabidopsis thaliana. Whereas PAL function is well established in various plants, an insight into the functional significance of individual gene family members is lacking. We show that in the absence of clear phenotypic alterations in the Arabidopsis pal1(More)
Nine potential caspase counterparts, designated metacaspases, were identified in the Arabidopsis thaliana genome. Sequence analysis revealed two types of metacaspases, one with (type I) and one without (type II) a proline- or glutamine-rich N-terminal extension, possibly representing a prodomain. Production of recombinant Arabidopsis type II metacaspases in(More)
Caffeoyl-coenzyme A O-methyltransferase (CCoAOMT) methylates, in vitro, caffeoyl-CoA and 5-hydroxyferuloyl-CoA, two possible precursors in monolignol biosynthesis in vivo. To clarify the in vivo role of CCoAOMT in lignin biosynthesis, transgenic poplars with 10% residual CCoAOMT protein levels in the stem xylem were generated. Upon analysis of the xylem,(More)
Assay of the adhesion of cultured cells on Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoite protein Western blots identified a major adhesive protein, that migrated at 90 kDa in non-reducing gels. This band comigrated with the previously described microneme protein MIC3. Cellular binding on Western blots was abolished by MIC3-specific monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies. The(More)
We studied human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1) integrase (IN) complexes derived from nuclei of human cells stably expressing the viral protein from a synthetic gene. We show that in the nuclear extracts IN exists as part of a large distinct complex with an apparent Stokes radius of 61 A, which dissociates upon dilution yielding a core molecule of(More)
The alpha-amylase excreted by the antarctic bacterium Alteromonas haloplanctis was purified and the corresponding amy gene was cloned and sequenced. N- and C-terminal amino acid sequencing were used to establish the primary structure of the mature A. haloplanctis alpha-amylase which is composed of 453 amino acids with a predicted Mr of 49,340 and a pI of(More)
The penicillin-binding protein (PBP) 1b of Escherichia coli catalyses the assembly of lipid-transported N-acetyl glucosaminyl-beta-1, 4-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-gamma-D-glutamyl-(L)-meso-diaminopimelyl+ ++- (L)-D-alanyl-D-alanine disaccharide pentapeptide units into polymeric peptidoglycan. These units are phosphodiester linked, at C1 of muramic acid, to a(More)
An extracellular beta-glucosidase from Thermoascus aurantiacus was purified to homogeneity by DEAE-Sepharose, Ultrogel AcA 44 and Mono-P column chromatography. The enzyme was a homotrimer, with a monomer molecular mass of 120 kDa; only the trimer was optimally active at 80 degrees C and at pH 4.5. At 90 degrees C, the enzyme showed 70% of its optimal(More)
This paper reports the purification of three myotropic neuropeptides from the white shrimp Penaeus vannamei. The central nervous systems of 3500 shrimps were extracted in an acidified solvent, after which four to five HPLC column systems were used to obtain pure peptides. A cockroach hindgut muscle contraction bioassay was used to monitor all collected(More)
Fumarate respiration is one of the most widespread types of anaerobic respiration. The soluble fumarate reductase of Shewanella putrefaciens MR-1 is a periplasmic tetraheme flavocytochrome c. The crystal structures of the enzyme were solved to 2.9 A for the uncomplexed form and to 2.8 A and 2.5 A for the fumarate and the succinate-bound protein,(More)