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Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) comprises a family of serine/threonine phosphatases, minimally containing a well conserved catalytic subunit, the activity of which is highly regulated. Regulation is accomplished mainly by members of a family of regulatory subunits, which determine the substrate specificity, (sub)cellular localization and catalytic activity of(More)
The microtubule-associated protein tau is a major component of the paired helical filaments (PHFs) observed in Alzheimer's disease brains. The pathological tau is distinguished from normal tau by its state of phosphorylation, higher apparent M(r) and reaction with certain antibodies. However, the protein kinase(s) have not been characterized so far. Here we(More)
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), a major phospho-serine/threonine phosphatase, is conserved throughout eukaryotes. It dephosphorylates a plethora of cellular proteins, including kinases and other signaling molecules involved in cell division, gene regulation, protein synthesis and cytoskeleton organization. PP2A enzymes typically exist as heterotrimers(More)
When vertebrate cells exit mitosis various cellular structures are re-organized to build functional interphase cells. This depends on Cdk1 (cyclin dependent kinase 1) inactivation and subsequent dephosphorylation of its substrates. Members of the protein phosphatase 1 and 2A (PP1 and PP2A) families can dephosphorylate Cdk1 substrates in biochemical extracts(More)
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a family of multifunctional serine/threonine phosphatases all composed of a catalytic C, a structural A, and a regulatory B subunit. Assembly of the complex with the appropriate B subunit forms the key to the functional specificity and regulation of PP2A. Emerging evidence suggests a crucial role for methylation and(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor-deficient (IP3RKO) B-lymphocytes were used to investigate the functional relevance of type 1 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R1) and its cleavage by caspase-3 in apoptosis. We showed that inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor-deficient cells were largely resistant to apoptosis induced by both staurosporine(More)
The protective functions that have been ascribed to anthocyanins in leaves can be performed as effectively by a number of other compounds. The possibility that anthocyanins accumulate most abundantly in leaves deficient in other phytoprotective pigments has been tested. Pigment concentrations and their histological distribution were surveyed for a sample of(More)
PP2A is one of the few serine/threonine-specific phosphatases in the cell, and its complex structure and regulation guarantees its many different functions. Some viruses have chosen to target this enzyme system in order to manage the host cell machinery for their own profit and to program cells into a malignant state. Suppression of PR61/B'gamma, a specific(More)
In dopaminoceptive neurons, dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein of 32 kDa (DARPP-32) plays a central role in integrating the effects of dopamine and other neurotransmitters. Phosphorylation of DARPP-32 at Thr-34 by protein kinase A results in inhibition of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1), and phosphorylation at Thr-75 by Cdk5 (cyclin-dependent kinase 5)(More)
Micro-injection of, or incubation with okadaic acid (OA), a specific phosphatase inhibitor, can induce formation of maturation-promoting factor (MPF) and germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Comparison of the dose-response curves of OA on maturation, isolated enzymes and phosphatase activities in crude oocyte preparations suggests(More)