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The influence of secretory-protein charge on late stages of secretion from the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis Band 3 mutations, renal tubular acidosis and SouthEast Asian ovalocytosis in Malaysia and Papua New Guinea : loss of up to 95 % band 3 transport in red cells Red-cell glycophorin A–band 3 interactions associated with the movement of band(More)
Phenotypic heterogeneity in an isogenic, microbial population enables a subset of the population to persist under stress. In mycobacteria, stresses like nutrient and oxygen deprivation activate the stress response pathway involving the two-component system MprAB and the sigma factor, SigE. SigE in turn activates the expression of the stringent response(More)
The appearance of phosphatidylserine (PS) on the outer surface of red cells is an important signal for their uptake by macrophages. We report for the first time that procaspase 3 present in the anucleated mature human erythrocyte is activated under oxidative stress induced by t-butylhydroperoxide leading to impairment of the aminophospholipid translocase,(More)
We have investigated the effects of coexpression of protein 4.2 and three protein-4.2 variants with band 3 in the Xenopus oocyte expression system. Normal protein 4.2 increased band-3-specific chloride transport in the oocytes. Protein 4.2 also coimmunoprecipitated with band 3 and colocalized with band 3 at the oocyte plasma membrane. The increase in(More)
BACKGROUND A common survival strategy of microorganisms subjected to stress involves the generation of phenotypic heterogeneity in the isogenic microbial population enabling a subset of the population to survive under stress. In a recent study, a mycobacterial population of M. smegmatis was shown to develop phenotypic heterogeneity under nutrient depletion.(More)
The bacterial divisome is a multiprotein complex. Specific protein-protein interactions specify whether cell division occurs optimally, or whether division is arrested. Little is known about these protein-protein interactions and their regulation in mycobacteria. We have investigated the interrelationship between the products of the Mycobacterium(More)
The genes encoding ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters occupy 2.5% of the genome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, none of these putative ABC transporters has been characterized so far. We describe the development of expression systems for simultaneous expression of the ATP-binding protein DrrA and the membrane integral protein DrrB which together(More)
The recruitment of FtsZ to the septum and its subsequent interaction with other cell division proteins in a spatially and temporally controlled manner are the keys to bacterial cell division. In the present study, we have tested the hypothesis that FtsZ and FtsW of Mycobacterium tuberculosis could be binding partners. Using gel renaturation, pull-down, and(More)
Apoptosis contributes to the pathology of gastric epithelial cell damage that characterizes Helicobacter pylori infection. The secreted peptidyl prolyl cis, trans-isomerase of H. pylori, HP0175 executed apoptosis of the gastric epithelial cell line AGS in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The effect of HP0175 was confirmed by generating an isogenic mutant(More)
Studies over the past decade have helped to decipher molecular networks dependent on Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling, in mycobacteria-infected macrophages. Stimulation of TLRs by mycobacteria and their antigenic components rapidly induces intracellular signaling cascades involved in the activation of nuclear factor-κB and mitogen-activated protein kinase(More)