Learn More
In bacteria, biogenesis of cell wall at the division site requires penicillin-binding protein 3 (PBP3) (or Ftsl). Using pull-down, bacterial two-hybrid, and peptide-based interaction assays, we provide evidence that FtsW of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (FtsWMTB) interacts with PBP3 through two extracytoplasmic loops. Pro306 in the larger loop and Pro386 in(More)
The appearance of phosphatidylserine (PS) on the outer surface of red cells is an important signal for their uptake by macrophages. We report for the first time that procaspase 3 present in the anucleated mature human erythrocyte is activated under oxidative stress induced by t-butylhydroperoxide leading to impairment of the aminophospholipid translocase,(More)
The genes encoding ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters occupy 2.5% of the genome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, none of these putative ABC transporters has been characterized so far. We describe the development of expression systems for simultaneous expression of the ATP-binding protein DrrA and the membrane integral protein DrrB which together(More)
Central to the response of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to environmental stress is the regulation of genes under the control of alternative sigma factors. Sigma E of M. tuberculosis plays an important role in the intracellular life of the bacterium and regulates several genes which are important for maintaining the integrity of the cell envelope stress. This(More)
Expression of early secreted antigenic target protein 6 (ESAT-6) by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is associated with lower innate immune responses to infection. Here we show that ESAT-6 inhibited activation of transcription factor NF-kappaB and interferon-regulatory factors (IRFs) after Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling; inhibition of TLR signaling by ESAT-6(More)
Apoptosis and erythrocyte senescence share the common feature of exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS) in the outer leaflet of the cells. Western analysis showed that mature red cells contain Fas, FasL, Fas-associated death domain (FADD), caspase 8, and caspase 3. Circulating, aged cells showed colocalization of Fas with the raft marker proteins Galpha(s) and(More)
The N-terminal cytoplasmic domain of the anion exchanger 1 (AE1 or band 3) of the human erythrocyte associates with peripheral membrane proteins to regulate membrane-cytoskeleton interactions, with glycolytic enzymes such as glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and aldolase, with the protein-tyrosine kinase p72syk, with hemoglobin and with hemichromes.(More)
We have investigated the effects of coexpression of protein 4.2 and three protein-4.2 variants with band 3 in the Xenopus oocyte expression system. Normal protein 4.2 increased band-3-specific chloride transport in the oocytes. Protein 4.2 also coimmunoprecipitated with band 3 and colocalized with band 3 at the oocyte plasma membrane. The increase in(More)
Apoptosis contributes to the pathology of gastric epithelial cell damage that characterizes Helicobacter pylori infection. The secreted peptidyl prolyl cis, trans-isomerase of H. pylori, HP0175 executed apoptosis of the gastric epithelial cell line AGS in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The effect of HP0175 was confirmed by generating an isogenic mutant(More)
Apoptosis is central to the interaction between pathogenic mycobacteria and host macrophages. Caspase-8-dependent apoptosis of infected macrophages, which requires activation of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase p38, lowers the spread of mycobacteria. Here we establish a link between the release of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and(More)