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The broad spectrum antimicrobials triclosan (TCS) and triclocarban (TCC) are commonly detected in the environment. However, there is very limited understanding of the aquatic ecological implications of these agents. During this study, river biofilms were cultivated using 10 microg l(-1) of TCS or TCC and the equivalent in nutrients (carbon, nitrogen) over a(More)
We studied three possible genotypes at 10 well-defined blood pressure (BP) QTLs using congenic rat lines. The central question was whether the hypertensive or normotensive allele is dominant, or whether there is partial dominance. The congenic strains were employed to investigate the BP effects of alleles originating from normotensive rats in the background(More)
Chlorhexidine is a common-use antibacterial agent found in a range of personal-care products. We used rotating annular reactors to cultivate river biofilms under the influence of chlorhexidine or its molar equivalent in nutrients. Studies of the degradation of [(14)C]chlorhexidine demonstrated that no mineralization of the compound occurred. During studies(More)
Commercial production of nanoparticles (NP) has created a need for research to support regulation of nanotechnology. In the current study, microbial biofilm communities were developed in rotating annular reactors during continuous exposure to 500 μg L(-1) of each nanomaterial and subjected to multimetric analyses. Scanning transmission X-ray(More)
The efficiency of glycosidation reactions generally involves a high chemical yield, as well as high/complete stereo- and regioselectivity. All these depend on the compatibility of the reactivity of glycosyl donors and acceptors. Among glycosyl donors, thioglycosides are widely used because of their high degree of stability in many organic reactions.(More)
Triclosan (TCS) is a ubiquitous antibacterial agent found in soaps, scrubs, and consumer products. There is limited information on hazardous effects of TCS in the environment. Here, rotating annular reactors were used to cultivate river biofilm communities exposed to 1.8 μg l(-1) TCS with the timing and duration of exposure and recovery during development(More)
Residual pesticides applied to crops migrate from agricultural lands to surface and ground waters. River biofilms are the first aquatic non-target organisms which interact with pesticides. Therefore, ecotoxicological experiments were performed at laboratory scale under controlled conditions to investigate the community-level responses of river biofilms to a(More)
UNLABELLED In this study, differing metrics were utilized to measure effects of erythromycin (ER), trimethoprim (TR) and clindamycin (CL) on the structure and function of attached Wascana Creek, SK microbial communities. All three test antibiotics, especially ER, affected community structure and function of biofilms grown in rotating annular reactors.(More)
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