Joyce Wilson Hopp

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There is a strong, significant relationship between coffee consumption and smoking. In six epidemiological studies reviewed and analyzed here, 86.4% of smokers consumed coffee versus 77.2% of nonsmokers. Exsmokers use more coffee than nonsmokers but somewhat less than smokers. Seventeen experimental studies suggest that the pharmacologic effect of caffeine(More)
OBJECTIVE The focus of this study was to identify the salient beliefs of pregnant women in Saudi Arabia that may influence their intentions to use infant restraints for their children. These beliefs were later used to inform a subsequent quantitative study. METHODS This qualitative study employed Ajzen's theory of planned behavior to elicit the salient(More)
Continuous caffeine consumption with smoking cessation has been associated with more than doubled caffeine plasma levels. Such concentrations may be sufficient to produce caffeine toxicity symptoms in smoking abstinence conditions. To test whether caffeine abstinence influences smoking cessation, 162 caffeine-using smokers were enlisted from American Lung(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effectiveness of a multicomponent smoking cessation program supplemented by incentives and team competition. DESIGN A quasi-experimental design was employed to compare the effectiveness of three different smoking cessation programs, each assigned to separate worksite. SETTING The study was conducted from 1990 to 1991 at three(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this review is to determine whether incentive-based programs conducted at worksites increase participation and long-term smoking cessation rates. METHODS Published studies of workplace smoking cessation programs involving incentives and competition were identified through all available years up to winter of 1992 in MEDLINE(More)
Because the literature shows that cigarette smoking is a major causative factor in the occurrence of chronic illness, lung cancer is becoming more common in women than breast cancer, nurses smoke more than any other group of health care providers and studies have not examined differences of smoking among the associate degree, undergraduate and diploma(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether there was a relationship between postpartum psychosocial support from healthcare providers and the rate of normal newborn readmissions (NNRs), and whether there was a cost benefit to justify an intervention. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Data were abstracted for all normal newborn births from 1999 to 2006 (N = 14,786) at a(More)
This cross-sectional study presents an assessment of factors associated with elevated blood pressure in Seventh-Day Adventists in the Caribbean. Four-hundred-thirty-three subjects were randomly selected from the English-speaking Caribbean population. Subjects ranged in age from twenty-one to sixty; 150 were males and 283 females. Eighty percent were Negroes(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether the theory of planned behavior (TPB) predicted intent of child restraint system (CRS) use among pregnant women in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS In this cross-sectional study conducted in Dallah Hospital, Riyadh, KSA during June-July 2013, 196 pregnant women completed surveys assessing their beliefs regarding(More)