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A study was conducted in 2 feedlots in southern Alberta to identify environmental sources and management factors associated with the prevalence and transmission of Escherichia coli O157:H7. Escherichia coli O157:H7 was isolated in preslaughter pens of cattle from feces (0.8%), feedbunks (1.7%), water troughs (12%), and incoming water supplies (4.5%), but(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of florfenicol versus tulathromycin for initial treatment of undifferentiated fever in fall-placed steer calves that received metaphylactic tilmicosin on arrival at the feedlot. No significant differences (P > .10) were observed in undifferentiated fever relapses or the crude case(More)
Breeder cows, cattle recently arrived at feedlots, and cattle about to be shipped for slaughter were tested for Salmonella spp. No Salmonella spp. were detected in fecal samples from breeding cows. Nineteen of 1,000 (1.9%) fecal samples from recently arrived feedlot cattle were positive for Salmonella spp. compared to only 2 of 1,000 (0.2%) fecal samples(More)
A feedlot trial was conducted to assess the efficacy of an Escherichia coli O157:H7 vaccine in reducing fecal shedding of E. coli O157:H7 in 218 pens of feedlot cattle in 9 feedlots in Alberta and Saskatchewan. Pens of cattle were vaccinated once at arrival processing and again at reimplanting with either the E. coli O157:H7 vaccine or a placebo. The E.(More)
Hemophilosis was the most significant cause of mortality in fall-placed calves in a large feedlot in Saskatchewan, despite routine single immunization of calves with a commercial Haemophilus somnus bacterin on arrival. Common manifestations of fatal H. somnus infection were myocarditis and pleuritis; occasionally, thrombotic meningoencephalomyelitis (TME),(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in foodborne pathogens (Escherichia coli O157, Salmonella, and Campylobacter) and non-type-specific E. coli obtained from fecal samples of feedlot cattle was associated with antimicrobial drug (AMD) use. A secondary objective was to determine if AMR in non-type-specific E.(More)
Fecal samples collected from cattle at processing during a 1-year period were tested for verotoxins (VT1, VT2), Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Salmonella. Verotoxins were detected in 42.6% (95% CI, 39.8% to 45.4%), E. coli O157:H7 in 7.5% (95% CI, 6.1% to 9.1%), and Salmonella in 0.08% (95% CI, 0.004% to 0.5%) of the fecal samples. In yearling cattle, the(More)
A truncated version of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) glycoprotein IV (tgIV) was produced in a novel, non-destructive expression system based upon regulation of gene expression by the bovine heat-shock protein 70A (hsp70) gene promoter in Madin Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cells. In this system, up to 20 micrograms ml-1 of secreted tgIV, which is equivalent to(More)
The acute phase response is a collection of physiologic changes initiated early in the inflammatory process. This response is comprised of both localized changes at the site of infection or injury and the initiation of systemic responses, such as the increase in production of acute phase proteins. Cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, and tumor(More)
The efficacy of a Pasteurella haemolytica vaccine (PhV) administered once to calves within 24 hours of arrival at a feedlot was tested for the ability to prevent morbidity and mortality from all bovine respiratory disease (BRD) and specifically from fibrinous pneumonia mortality. The PhV consisted of two immunizing ingredients: outer membrane proteins(More)