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The use of the 16S rRNA gene for identification of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) provides a faster and better ability to accurately identify them in addition to contributing significantly in the discovery of new species. Despite their associated problems, many rely on the use of public sequence databases for sequence comparisons. To best evaluate the(More)
A pigmented, slowly growing Mycobacterium avium complex AccuProbe-positive organism was isolated from the sputum and pleural fluid of a 72-year-old female with bronchiectasis. The unusual morphology of the organism prompted further identification by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, revealing a perfect identity with previously uncharacterized strain Mycobacterium(More)
The current gold standard for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) genotyping is insertion sequence (IS) 6110 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) as it provides the highest discriminatory power of all available MTBC genotyping methods. However, RFLP is labour intensive and the interpretation of data from this method can be susceptible to(More)
Continuous monitoring systems for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis are reported to have higher contamination rates than traditional radiometric technologies. Multiple decontamination methods have recently been reported in an attempt to optimize contamination rates for these systems. In this study, several decontamination methods for sputum were(More)
The clinical profile of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) has been raised by the human immunodeficiency virus and AIDS pandemic. Different laboratory techniques, often molecular based, are available to facilitate the rapid and accurate identification of NTM. The expense of these advanced techniques has been questioned. At the National Reference Center for(More)
A group of pigmented, slowly growing mycobacteria identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing as 'MCRO 33' (GenBank accession no. AF152559) have been isolated from several clinical specimens in various laboratories across Canada. Genotypically, the organism is most closely related to Mycobacterium simiae. However, it presents with a similar phenotypic profile to(More)
Killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) on natural killer (NK) cells interact with other immune cells to monitor the immune system and combat infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis (TB). The balance of activating and inhibiting KIR interactions helps determine the NK cell response. In order to examine the enrichment or depletion of KIRs as well as to(More)
Mycobacterium branderi, a potential human pathogen first characterized in 1995, has been isolated from respiratory tract specimens. We report here a case in which M. branderi was the only organism isolated upon culture from a hand infection. This isolate, along with a second isolate from a bronchial specimen, was subjected to conventional identification(More)
Since 1993, all Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates recovered in the province of Manitoba, Canada, have been genotyped by the standard IS6110-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method for routine surveillance, prevention, and control purposes. To date, our laboratory has collected 1,290 isolates, from which we have identified approximately 390(More)
During susceptibility testing of 743 isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to pyrazinamide (PZA) using the Bactec 960 system, 57 (7.7%) isolates showed PZA resistance. Repeat testing of resistant isolates with the Bactec 460 reference method confirmed 33 (4.4%) of these isolates as resistant, and 24 (3.2%) were susceptible. Erroneous results for resistance(More)