Joyce H F M de Bruin

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Mutations in CDH1, encoding E-cadherin, are the underlying genetic defect in approximately one-third of the hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) families described so far. Tumours arising in these families show abnormal or absence of E-cadherin expression, following the model of tumour suppressor gene inactivation. A single study has been reported(More)
Present guidelines to identify hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) families are criticized for limitations in accuracy. The Amsterdam criteria I and II (AC I and AC II) are used to predict a germline mutation in one of the mismatch repair genes. In families not fulfilling the AC I and AC II criteria, individual indications to test cancer(More)
PURPOSE Autosomal dominant hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) is caused by germ-line E-cadherin (CDH1) gene mutations. Early detection of cancer in carriers is difficult because HDGC escapes endoscopic detection. We hypothesized that the glucose metabolism is enhanced in HDGC and that this can be detected with [18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron(More)
Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is a dominant inherited disease and accounts for up to 5% of all colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Despite the optimization of selection criteria and enhancements in molecular techniques for identifying more families with HNPCC, most cases are not recognized. Poor patient recollection of family history and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether an investigation of microsatellite instability (MSI) in patients with colorectal carcinoma that have been selected by the pathologist could increase the number of detected families with hereditary non-polyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC). DESIGN Prospective inventory. METHOD Pathologists selected patients with a newly(More)
Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) is a rare autosomal dominant syndrome associated with an early-onset, histologically diffuse, signet ring cell type gastric cancer and the occurrence of cancer at other anatomical sites, i.e. breast, colon, prostate and ovary. Inactivating germline mutations in the CDH1 gene, encoding the cell to cell adhesion(More)
BACKGROUND Distinguishing hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) from non-hereditary colorectal cancer (CRC) can increase the life expectancy of HNPCC patients and their close relatives. AIM To determine the effectiveness, efficiency, and feasibility of a new strategy for the detection of HNPCC, using simple criteria for microsatellite(More)
In 3 patients, 2 men aged 46 and 51 years and a woman aged 54 years, with colorectal cancer there was insufficient information on the basis of the family history to diagnose 'hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer' (HNPCC). Further investigation showed microsatellite instability in the tumour material, an indicator for a mutation in DNA-'mismatch(More)
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