Joyce G. Small

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OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of divalproex sodium with that of lithium and placebo in patients with acute mania. DESIGN Randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study of treatment outcomes in patients with manic-depressive illness. PATIENTS A total of 179 hospitalized, acutely manic patients meeting the Research Diagnostic Criteria for manic(More)
In a double-blind, long-term follow-up study, 117 bipolar patients received lithium carbonate, imipramine hydrochloride, or both and 150 unipolar patients received lithium carbonate, imipramine, both lithium carbonate and imipramine, or placebo. With bipolar patients, lithium carbonate and the combination treatment were superior to imipramine in preventing(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to determine the relation of valproate serum levels to clinical improvement and development of adverse effects in hospitalized patients with acute mania. The initial fixed-dose escalation design, the monotherapy with divalproex, and the control of variables that is possible only with hospitalized patients reduced the(More)
BACKGROUND Clozapine, despite its side-effect burden, has been considered to be the drug of choice for patients with schizophrenia whose psychotic symptoms fail to respond adequately to other anti-psychotic drugs. There are conflicting data concerning the potential utility of olanzapine in treatment-resistant schizophrenia at doses beyond the 10- to(More)
BACKGROUND Quetiapine fumarate (Seroquel [ICI 204,636]) is an atypical dibenzothiazepine antipsychotic with a greater affinity for 5-hydroxytryptamine2 (5-HT2) receptors than for D2 dopamine receptors; its efficacy in patients with schizophrenia was shown in early phase 2 trials (maximum dose, 750 mg/d). METHODS In this multicenter, double-blind,(More)
Fifty-two hospitalized manic patients were randomized to treatment with either carbamazepine or lithium carbonate after a 2-week drug withdrawal period. All of the probands were tertiary referrals with a high proportion of failures of previous lithium and other treatment. Weekly ratings of manic, depressive, and psychotic symptoms were obtained for 8 weeks,(More)
Thirty-four hospitalized manic patients were randomized to treatment with either lithium carbonate or an average series of nine bilateral electroconvulsive treatments (ECTs), followed by maintenance with lithium carbonate. Weekly ratings of manic, depressive, and psychotic symptoms were obtained for eight weeks, and patients were followed up monthly for up(More)
In a 6-week, randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial, sertraline 50 mg, 100 mg, or 200 mg, or placebo, was administered once daily to 369 patients with DSM-III-defined major depression. Efficacy variables included changes from baseline scores for total Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD), HAMD Bech Depression Cluster, Clinical Global Impressions(More)
My aims in this presentation are to review EEG findings that have been published recently in children variously labeled as autistic, schizophrenic, or psychotic. I will also report new results from EEG investigations of an expanded series of Dr. DeMyer's subjects. Sleep research and studies of cerebral evoked responses and the contingent negative variation(More)