Joyce Elwell

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Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) induces the synthesis of protein(s) that can protect cells against subsequent killing by TNF in the presence of cycloheximide. Here we demonstrate that manganous superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), a mitochondrial enzyme involved in the scavenging of superoxide radicals (O2-), is such a protein. Overexpression of MnSOD confers(More)
Antisera that recognize the alpha 6 and beta 4 subunits of integrins were found by immunoelectron microscopy to localize to hemidesmosomes in the basal cells of mouse corneal epithelium. Immunoprecipitation experiments using extracts of metabolically labeled corneal epithelial cells indicate that the primary alpha 6-subunit-containing integrin heterodimer(More)
Copper- and zinc-containing superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD), manganese-containing superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX, both Se-dependent and Se-independent), and glutathione reductase (GR) were measured in normal, nitrosoguanidine-transformed and SV40-transformed mouse liver cells in culture, as well as in mouse liver(More)
A simple and sensitive method for the simultaneous visualization of glutathione peroxidase and catalase on polyacrylamide gels is described. The procedure included: (1) running samples on a 7.5% polyacrylamide gel, (2) soaking the gel in a certain concentration of reduced glutathione (0.25-2.0 mM), (3) soaking the gel in GSH plus H2O2 or cumene(More)
The endothelium-derived relaxing factor is rapidly inactivated by superoxide radicals, and atherosclerotic vessels generate excess radical species. We tested the hypothesis that an imbalance between intrinsic superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and the generation of superoxide radicals in atherosclerotic arteries may result in augmented inactivation of(More)
The possible pathogenetic mechanisms responsible for the production of acquired amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenic purpura (AATP) were investigated in a group of patients with this disorder. Absence of megakaryocytes and small platelet glycoprotein-bearing mononuclear cells, as determined by immunochemical staining of patient marrows with an antisera to(More)
As basal cells of stratified squamous epithelia become migratory in response to wounding, they lose their cell-substrate adhesion junctions, the hemidesmosomes. We report here studies to determine the fate of the hemidesmosome components, alpha 6 beta 4 integrin and the bullous pemphigoid antigens (BPAGs), as recognized by bullous pemphigoid autoantisera(More)
Tirapazamine (TPZ, 3-amino-1,2,4-benzotriazine 1,4-di-N-oxide, SR 4233, WIN 59075) is a bioreductive antitumor agent with a high selective toxicity for hypoxic cells. The selective hypoxic toxicity of TPZ results from the rapid reoxidation of the one-electron reduction product, the TPZ radical, in the presence of molecular oxygen with the concomitant(More)
Endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) is rapidly inactivated by radicals. Endothelial cells possess several antioxidant defense mechanisms. It is not clear which intrinsic antioxidant defense systems are important to preserve the release of biologically active EDRF. We impaired antioxidant defense in normal vascular tissue by inhibiting catalase(More)
Tissues from adult Syrian hamsters were studied with immunoperoxidase techniques using polyclonal antibodies to three antioxidant enzymes (copper, zinc and manganese forms of superoxide dismutase, and catalase). Tissues from labile organs, in which cell renewal is prominent (uterus, intestine, and transitional epithelium of the urinary tract), showed strong(More)