Joyce E Nutt

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The matrix metalloproteinases are a family of enzymes that degrade the extracellular matrix and are considered to be important in tumour invasion and metastasis. The effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP1) production in two human bladder tumour cell lines, RT112 and RT4, has been investigated. In the RT112 cell line, an(More)
BACKGROUND The standard treatment of choice for malignant pleural mesothelioma is chemotherapy with pemetrexed and platinum, but the clinical outcome is poor. This study investigates the response to pemetrexed in a panel of eight mesothelioma cell lines and the clinical outcome for patients treated with pemetrexed in relation to folate receptor alpha(More)
Clinical outcome following chemotherapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma is poor and improvements are needed. This preclinical study investigates the effect of five tyrosine kinase inhibitors (PTK787, ZD6474, ZD1839, SU6668 and SU11248) on the growth of three mesothelioma cell lines (NCI H226, NCI H28 and MSTO 211H), the presence of growth factor(More)
PURPOSE The purpose is to assess the prognostic significance of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 in patients with bladder cancer using a combination of ELISA (to measure MMP-9 in voided urine) and immunohistochemistry (to study MMP-9 in bladder tumors). The relationship between MMP-9 and its principal inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) 2 and 9 in bladder cancer cell lines stimulated with epidermal growth factor (EGF), and to investigate the presence of gelatinases in the urine of patients with bladder tumours, in relation to the stage and grade of tumour and the EGF receptor (EGFR) status. PATIENTS, SUBJECTS AND METHODS(More)
The levels of the matrix metalloproteinase MMP1 mRNA in three breast tumour cell lines with varying numbers of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptors, MDA-MB-231, T47D and MCF7, were investigated following treatment with EGF or TGF alpha in serum-free medium for up to 24 h. A higher level of MMP1 mRNA was found in both control and treated MDA-MB-231 cells(More)
The phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) (10 nM) produce a marked reduction in the growth, measured by thymidine uptake, of MCF-7 cells in full growth medium, but had only a small effect on MDA-MB-231 and T47D cells. Bryostatin alone also inhibited growth but to a lesser extent than seen with TPA. The effect of TPA on MCF-7 cells was(More)
The effect of EGF and gefitinib on two EGFR-positive human bladder cancer cell lines has been investigated using array-based gene expression profiling. The most prominent transcript, increased up to 6.7-fold by EGF compared with controls in RT112 cells, was human early growth response protein 1 (hEGR1). This induction was prevented by gefitinib. The hEGR1(More)
PURPOSE To study the role of urinary matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in bladder cancer and their relationship to tumor progression. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN MMP-1 and TIMP-1 were measured by ELISA in urine samples from 131 patients with bladder tumors (7 cis, 74 Ta, 29 T1, and 21 T2-T4; 46 G(1), 41 G(2),(More)
The effect of EGF stimulation and its inhibition with gefitinib ('Iressa', ZD1839), an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been investigated in two EGFR-positive human bladder tumour cell lines, RT112 and RT4. The growth of RT112 cells in a medium containing 10% foetal bovine serum was inhibited by 50% with 10 microM(More)