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Arterial tortuosity syndrome (ATS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by tortuosity, elongation, stenosis and aneurysm formation in the major arteries owing to disruption of elastic fibers in the medial layer of the arterial wall. Previously, we used homozygosity mapping to map a candidate locus in a 4.1-Mb region on chromosome 20q13.1 (ref.(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII, Sly syndrome) is a very rare lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of the enzyme β-glucuronidase (GUS), which is required for the degradation of three glycosaminoglycans (GAGs): dermatan sulfate, heparan sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate. Progressive accumulation of these GAGs in lysosomes leads to(More)
Structural chromosomal rearrangements occur commonly in the general population. Individuals that carry a balanced translocation are at risk of having unbalanced offspring; therefore, the frequency of translocations in couples with recurrent spontaneous abortions is higher than that in the general population. The constitutional t(11;22) translocation is the(More)
Alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of pulmonary veins (ACDMPV) is a lethal lung developmental disorder caused by heterozygous point mutations or genomic deletion copy-number variants (CNVs) of FOXF1 or its upstream enhancer involving fetal lung-expressed long noncoding RNA genes LINC01081 and LINC01082. Using custom-designed array comparative(More)
Chromosome 4q deletion syndrome (4q- syndrome) is a rare condition, with an estimated incidence of 1 in 100,000. Although variable, the clinical spectrum commonly includes craniofacial, developmental, digital, skeletal, and cardiac involvement. Data on the genotype-phenotype correlation within the 4q arm are limited. We present detailed clinical and genetic(More)
A 34-week stillborn infant had omphalocele, agenesis of the sternum and anterior rib cage, membranous diaphragms with eventration of the viscera, ectopia cordis with absence of the pericardium, and congenital heart defect. These findings are consistent with a diagnosis of Cantrell pentalogy. The presence of bilateral clubfeet, spina bifida, hydrocephalus,(More)
BACKGROUND Poor growth has been described in patients with urea cycle enzyme defects treated with protein-restricted diets, while protein status is seldom reported. OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of nutritional therapy with a medical food on growth and protein status of patients with a urea cycle enzyme defect. METHODS A 6-mo multicenter outpatient(More)
We described four offspring of a consanguineous couple with arterial tortuosity "syndrome" (ATS). The affected children had extensive arterial involvement although the clinical presentations were quite variable. Clinical manifestations included cutis laxa or soft/thin skin, joint laxity or contractures, and arachnodactyly. Aortic tortuosity and pulmonary(More)
Intellectual disability (ID) affects approximately 1%-3% of humans with a gender bias toward males. Previous studies have identified mutations in more than 100 genes on the X chromosome in males with ID, but there is less evidence for de novo mutations on the X chromosome causing ID in females. In this study we present 35 unique deleterious de novo(More)