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Arterial tortuosity syndrome (ATS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by tortuosity, elongation, stenosis and aneurysm formation in the major arteries owing to disruption of elastic fibers in the medial layer of the arterial wall. Previously, we used homozygosity mapping to map a candidate locus in a 4.1-Mb region on chromosome 20q13.1 (ref.(More)
Structural chromosomal rearrangements occur commonly in the general population. Individuals that carry a balanced translocation are at risk of having unbalanced offspring; therefore, the frequency of translocations in couples with recurrent spontaneous abortions is higher than that in the general population. The constitutional t(11;22) translocation is the(More)
Chromosome 4q deletion syndrome (4q- syndrome) is a rare condition, with an estimated incidence of 1 in 100,000. Although variable, the clinical spectrum commonly includes craniofacial, developmental, digital, skeletal, and cardiac involvement. Data on the genotype-phenotype correlation within the 4q arm are limited. We present detailed clinical and genetic(More)
Mosaicism with a normal cell line (N) and an unbalanced autosomal structural rearrangement (UASR) is rare. This report describes a case of a newborn female with a karyotype of 46,XX,der(4)t(4;15)(q35;q22)/46,XX. Molecular cytogenetic analysis confirmed the origin of the derivative chromosome 4. Here we discuss this case as well as other cases of mosaic(More)
Deficiency of ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC; EC 2.1.3.3), a hepatic mitochondrial enzyme involved in the detoxification of ammonia, is a severe inborn error of metabolism. It is an X-linked disorder which results characteristically in ammonia intoxication, protein intolerance and mental retardation. Early death of affected hemizygous male infants is(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII, Sly syndrome) is a very rare lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of the enzyme β-glucuronidase (GUS), which is required for the degradation of three glycosaminoglycans (GAGs): dermatan sulfate, heparan sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate. Progressive accumulation of these GAGs in lysosomes leads to(More)
Intellectual disability (ID) affects approximately 1%-3% of humans with a gender bias toward males. Previous studies have identified mutations in more than 100 genes on the X chromosome in males with ID, but there is less evidence for de novo mutations on the X chromosome causing ID in females. In this study we present 35 unique deleterious de novo(More)
We have utilized the Southern blotting technique to analyse genomic DNA from males with ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency and their families. Using a nearly full-length human cDNA probe, we have identified 3 patients with deletions at this locus and have characterized 4 different restriction fragment length polymorphisms that can be used as(More)
Two additional restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) have been identified at the human ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) locus. Approximately 11% of women are heterozygous for an RFLP characterized by polymorphic bands at 3.7 and 3.6 kilobasepairs (kbp) observed after DNA digestion with TaqI. Twenty-nine percent of women are heterozygous for an(More)