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Alginate-polylysine microencapsulation has been proposed as a method of protecting transplanted pancreatic islets against immunological attack. Using this technique, prolonged graft survival has been reported in some diabetic animals. However, in the spontaneously diabetic insulindependent BB/E rat we found that intraperitoneal implantation of(More)
Use of monoclonal antibodies specific for rat lymphocyte subsets and an anti-insulin marker has allowed us to document the following sequence of events leading to the development of clinical diabetes in this animal model. The first change observed in the pancreas is increased expression of MHC class II molecules on vascular endothelium and this precedes(More)
We previously hypothesized that PCR is dependent on Kt/V (urea). To test the hypothesis, 30 patients from two hemodialysis (HD) units with PCR values consistently less than 1 regardless of the Kt/V (urea) without an obvious cause (such as malignancy, peptic ulceration, etc.) were identified. These patients were randomized into an experimental group where an(More)
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus can be transferred into young irradiated non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice by spleen cells from a diabetic NOD donor. T cells (both L3T4+ and Ly-2+) enter the pancreas 2 weeks following transfer. They are present initially at peri-islet locations but progressively infiltrate the islet with accompanying beta cell destruction.(More)
Use of monoclonal antibodies directed against rat macrophages and serial pancreatic biopsy in the prediabetic period have enabled us to document the involvement of macrophages in the pancreatic events leading to onset of diabetes in the spontaneously diabetic BB/E rat. A few weeks before onset of disease, there is marked recruitment and accumulation of ED1+(More)
Sixty-two subjects not seeking health care, aged 18 to 80 yr, recorded diet intake, collected feces for 7 days, and gave fasting blood lipids. There was a great variation in stool weight passed (19 to 278 g/24 h). Fecal constituents (bile acids, sterols, fat, electrolytes) correlated strongly with fecal mass. Fecal mass correlated inversely with transit(More)
Females rats implanted with progesterone gained weight more rapidly than control animals and had an increased proportion of total body fat. Restriction of food intake to control levels demonstrated that the weight changes was not dependent on increased energy intake. Serum concentrations of cholesterol, phospholipid and non-esterified fatty acid were raised(More)
Mutations in the hepatocyte nuclear factor-1alpha (HNF1alpha) gene have recently been shown to cause maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY). We have examined 15 U.K. MODY families for mutations in the coding region of the HNF-1alpha gene. Eight different mutations, three frameshift (P291fsinsC, P379fsdelCT, and A443fsdelCA) and five missense mutations(More)
A semi-automated method for the determination of free fatty acids in plasma based on Mosinger's manual method (Mosinger, 1965) is described and the results of a comparison with Dole's titrimetric method (Dole, 1956) are presented. There is almost perfect correlation between the two methods, and the automated technique is simple, reliable, and significantly(More)