Joyce Benchitrit

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BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis and vascular calcification (VC) progression in chronic kidney disease is favored by disturbances of mineral metabolism. We compared the effect of phosphate binder lanthanum (La) carbonate with sevelamer-HCl on atherosclerosis, VC and bone structure and function in mice with chronic renal failure (CRF). METHODS Apolipoprotein(More)
BACKGROUND Lanthanum (La) carbonate is a new treatment for hyperphosphatemia. We tested the effects of oral La carbonate and aluminum hydroxide, respectively, on tissue accumulation and liver function in rats with chronic renal failure (CRF). METHODS Adult male non-CRF and CRF rats were randomly assigned to 3 groups receiving either standard diet (St.D),(More)
Vascular calcification (VC) is a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality in the setting of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Pyrophosphate (PPi), an endogenous molecule that inhibits hydroxyapatite crystal formation, has been shown to prevent the development of VC in animal models of CKD. However, the possibility of harmful effects of exogenous administration(More)
BACKGROUND An elevated serum inorganic phosphate (Pi) level is a major risk factor for kidney disease and downstream vascular complications. We focused on the effect of Pi levels on human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), with an emphasis on the role of microRNAs (miRNAs). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Exposure of human primary VSMCs in vitro(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is generally associated with disturbances of mineral and bone metabolism. They contribute to the development of vascular calcification (VC), a strong, independent predictor of cardiovascular risk. Pyrophosphate (PPi), an endogenous inhibitor of hydroxyapatite formation, has been shown to slow the progression of VC in uremic(More)
Elevated serum phosphate and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) levels are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). The phosphate-binder sevelamer has been shown to decrease both phosphate and FGF23, but limited data indicate that sevelamer improves CRF-related CVD, such as diastolic dysfunction, left(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has recently emerged as a major risk factor for cardiovascular pathology. CKD patients display accelerated atherosclerotic process, leading to circulatory complications. However, it is currently not clear how uremic conditions accelerate atherosclerosis. Apoptosis is an important homeostatic regulator of vascular smooth cells(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis and vascular calcification are major contributors to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among chronic kidney disease patients. The mevalonate pathway may play a role in this vascular pathology. Farnesyltransferase inhibitors such as R115777 block one branch of mevalonate pathway. We studied the effects of farnesyltransferase(More)
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