Joyce A Deleo

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Microglia, the intrinsic macrophages of the central nervous system, have previously been shown to be activated in the spinal cord in several rat mononeuropathy models. Activation of microglia and subsequent release of proinflammatory cytokines are known to play a role in inducing a behavioral hypersensitive state (hyperalgesia and allodynia) in these(More)
Neuropathic pain remains a prevalent and persistent clinical problem because of our incomplete understanding of its pathogenesis. This study demonstrates for the first time, to our knowledge, a critical role for CNS innate immunity by means of microglial Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in the induction phase of behavioral hypersensitivity in a mouse and rat(More)
Hypersensitivity resulting from nerve injury or morphine tolerance/hyperalgesia is predicted to involve similar cellular and molecular mechanisms. One expected but incompletely explored mechanism is the activation of central neuroimmune responses associated with these conditions. To begin to address this, we undertook three separate studies: First, we(More)
A number of rat peripheral neuropathy models have been developed to simulate human neuropathic pain conditions. The current study sought to determine the relative importance of site versus type of peripheral nerve injury in eliciting mechanical allodynia and spinal glial responses. Rats received one of seven different surgical treatments at the L5 spinal(More)
Peripheral inflammation induces central sensitization characterized by the development of allodynia and hyperalgesia to mechanical and thermal stimuli. Recent evidence suggests that activation of glial cells and a subsequent increase in proinflammatory cytokines contribute to the development of behavioral hypersensitivity after nerve injury or peripheral(More)
The activation of glial cells and enhanced proinflammatory cytokine expression at the spinal cord has been implicated in the development of morphine tolerance, and morphine withdrawal-induced hyperalgesia. The present study investigated the effect of propentofylline, a glial modulator, on the expression of analgesic tolerance and withdrawal-induced(More)
Our laboratory has previously shown that glial activation and increased proinflammatory cytokine expression are observed in the rat spinal cord following peripheral nerve injuries that result in neuropathic pain behaviors. In the present study, we sought to determine whether acute peripheral inflammation induces changes in central glial and cytokine(More)
Injury to peripheral nerves often produces non-physiological, long-lasting spontaneous pain, hyperalgesia and allodynia that are refractory to standard treatment and often insensitive to opioids, such as morphine. Recent studies demonstrate spinal glial activation and increased proinflammatory cytokines in animal models of neuropathic pain. When these data(More)
Peripheral nerve injury commonly leads to neuropathic pain states fostered, in part, by neuroimmunologic events. We used two models of neuropathic pain (L5 spinal nerve cryoneurolysis (SPCN) and chronic constriction injury (CCI)) to assess the role of spinal glial activation responses in producing pain behaviors. Scoring of glial responses subjectively(More)