Joyal Lilly

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Wegener's granulomatosis will classically present as a triad of respiratory, kidney, and vascular involvement. The disease may run a course of rapidly progressive or mild and indolent and escape diagnosis for some time. The clinician must be aware of the possibility of Wegener's granulomatosis presenting initially with intraoral lesions. Prompt biopsies and(More)
Breathlessness induced by hypercapnia may be related to the sensation of respiratory effort or to the central or peripheral effects of CO2. To examine the relationship among breathlessness, respiratory effort, and hypercapnia, we studied eight normal naive subjects. By using a visual feedback system, subjects maintained a constant ventilation of 50-60(More)
OBJECTIVES Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) with a restricitive foramen ovale is associated with high mortality related to fetal left atrial hypertension. Fetal atrial balloon septoplasty has largely failed to achieve adequate decompression due to the small size of the holes produced. We attempted to produce larger atrial communications by stenting(More)
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) experience repetitive nocturnal oscillations of systemic arterial pressure that occur in association with changes in respiration and changes in sleep state. To investigate cardiac function during the cycle of obstruction (apnea) and resumption of ventilation (recovery), we continuously measured left ventricular(More)
This was a prospective and longitudinal study designed to compare daily mood states and weekly changes in plasma levels of immune and neuroendocrine markers with recurrent herpes labialis lesion recurrences during a 3-month period among 9 subjects. Results from a paired t test showed that there was a significant decrease in plasma levels of natural killer(More)
To investigate the relationship between systemic blood pressure (BP) and upper airway dilator muscle activity, we recorded genioglossus electromyograms (EMGgg) during pharmacologically induced acute increases in BP in five healthy humans (ages 27-40 yr). EMGgg was measured with perorally placed fine-wire electrodes; phasic EMGgg was expressed as percentage(More)
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea experience nocturnal hemodynamic oscillations in association with repetitive respiratory events. Apnea termination (recovery) is accompanied by the nadir of arterial O2 saturation (SaO2), changes in intrathoracic pressure, and arousal from sleep. To investigate separately the contributions of hypoxemia and of arousal(More)
Six healthy subjects (5 males and 1 female, 26-40 yr old) were studied during non-rapid-eye-movement (NREM) sleep to assess the role of upper airway (UA) afferents in the arousal response to induced airway occlusion. Subjects wore an airtight face mask attached to a low-resistance one-way valve. A valve in the inspiratory circuit allowed instantaneous(More)