Joy X S Jiang

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The self-renewal capacity ascribed to hESCs is paralleled in cancer cell proliferation, suggesting that a common network of genes may facilitate the promotion of these traits. However, the molecular mechanisms that are involved in regulating the silencing of these genes as stem cells differentiate into quiescent cellular lineages remain poorly understood.(More)
Presynaptic motor neuron synthesizes and secretes acetylcholinesterase (AChE) at vertebrate neuromuscular junctions. In order to determine the retrograde role of muscle in regulating the expression of AChE in motor neuron, a chimeric co-culture of NG108-15 cell, a cholinergic cell line that resembles motor neuron, with chick myotube was established to mimic(More)
At the vertebrate neuromuscular junction (nmj), ATP is known to be coreleased with acetylcholine from the synaptic vesicles. We have previously shown that the P2Y1 receptor is localized at the nmj. Here, we extend the findings to show that another nucleotide receptor, P2Y2, is also localized there and with P2Y1 jointly mediates trophic responses to ATP. The(More)
The presence of a collagenous protein (ColQ) characterizes the collagen-tailed forms of acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase at vertebrate neuromuscular junctions which is tethered in the synaptic basal lamina. ColQ subunits, differing mostly by their signal sequences, are encoded by transcripts ColQ-1 and ColQ-1a, which are differentially(More)
In vertebrate neuromuscular junctions (nmjs), adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) is stored at the motor nerve terminals and is co-released with acetylcholine during neural stimulation. Several lines of evidence suggest that the synaptic ATP can act as a synapse-organizing factor at the nmjs, mediated by metabotropic P2Y(1) receptors. P2Y(1) receptor mRNAs in(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) carries a poor prognosis with no effective treatment available other than liver transplantation for selected patients. Vascular invasion of HCC is one of the most important negative predictor of survival. As the regulation of invasion of HCC cells is not well understood, our aim was to study the mechanisms by which galectin 3,(More)
The surface ultrastructure of metacercariae of Paragonimus heterotremus was studied by scanning electron microscope. Encysted metacercaria was egg-shaped with a button-like structure on its end. The oral sucker of the newly excysted metacercaria was larger than the ventral sucker. Single-pointed spines were covered densely on all of the tegumental surface.(More)
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