Joy Sian

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Hereditary dopaminergic mechanisms have been implicated in the aetiology of alcoholism. For this study, the distribution of a dopamine D3 receptor gene polymorphism (Ball) has been investigated in patients suffering from alcohol dependence, and compared with non-dependent controls. The allele A1 occurred significantly more frequently among patients compared(More)
Disorders of the basal ganglia can be broadly divided into two: ones that manifest hypokinesia or those that elicit hyperkinesia. Parkinson's disease is the commonest form of hypokinetic disorder. The term Parkinson's disease (PD) usually encompasses idiopathic and Parkinsonian-like syndromes. PD is a chronic and progressive disease, in which the symptoms(More)
Oxidative stress is believed to play a decisive role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). In addition, Lewy bodies, densely crosslinked intracellular protein deposits formed from cytoskeletal components, accumulate in presymptomatic stages of the disease. Recent findings indicate that "advanced glycation end products" (AGEs) are the major(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder of the aging population with unknown etiopathogenesis. It is assumed that the underlying pathobiochemical processes comprise multifactorial and multigenetic disturbances leading to a progressive and devastating disorder without remission. Subtypes exist suggesting that "PD" is a spectrum disorder with(More)
Previously, immunohistochemical methods were primarily used to detect and provide indirect evidence on the composition of Lewy bodies, the pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease. This was chiefly because there are very few procedures that describe the isolation of these structures. We report here a relatively simple method that we have developed for(More)
FOREWORD Overwhelming evidence suggests that accelerating effects of climate change can be devastating to our cities and standard of living. Without decisive action, we will be unprepared for short and long term developments. Since 2005, C40 has been educating its members on emissions reductions strategies, with mayors around the world implementing and(More)
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