Joy R Owen

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Occipital artery (OA) injections of 5-HT elicit pronounced reductions in heart rate and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) in urethane-anesthetized rats by activation of vagal afferent cell bodies in the ipsilateral nodose ganglion. In contrast, internal carotid artery (ICA) and i.v. injections elicit similar cardiovascular responses by activation of(More)
Vitamin D and calcium affect several pathways involved in inflammation, tumor growth, and immune surveillance relevant to carcinogenesis. Also, epidemiologic evidence indicates that calcium and vitamin D may reduce risk for developing colorectal adenomas and cancer. To investigate the effects of calcium and vitamin D on biomarkers of inflammation in(More)
The bisphosphonates are able to relieve pain from metastatic bone disease and, when given intravenously, may promote bone healing of lytic metastases. In this study, the aim was to assess the acute effects of a single 'high-dose' intravenous treatment with pamidronate on pain, mobility, analgesic consumption and quality of life (QOL). Thirty-four(More)
The human TALL-104 cell line is endowed with a uniquely potent MHC nonrestricted tumoricidal activity across several species. In view of the potential applicability of TALL-104 cells as an anticancer agent, this study was conducted to evaluate the possible toxicity and efficacy of this new cell therapy in a superior animal model with spontaneous tumors.(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the response rate, overall and 1-year survival in patients with advanced melanoma treated with a standard therapy, dacarbazine and interferon-alpha (DTIC/IFN), or combination chemotherapy, consisting of dacarbazine, BCNU, cisplatin and tamoxifen (DBCT). Treatment toxicity and time spent in hospital were secondary end(More)
The primary objective of this study was to determine whether circulating factors gain direct access to and affect the activity of vagal afferent cell bodies in the nodose ganglia and glossopharyngeal afferents cell bodies in the petrosal ganglia, of the rat. We found that the occipital and internal carotid arteries provided the sole blood supply to the(More)
Both angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors have been shown to decrease cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Results from clinical trials have suggested that HMG-CoA reductase inhibition might exert a beneficial effect independent of its lipid-lowering effect, and ACE(More)
BACKGROUND Germline mutations within DNA-repair genes are implicated in susceptibility to multiple forms of cancer. For prostate cancer (PrCa), rare mutations in BRCA2 and BRCA1 give rise to moderately elevated risk, whereas two of B100 common, low-penetrance PrCa susceptibility variants identified so far by genome-wide association studies implicate RAD51B(More)
Functional studies have provided evidence that 5-HT(3) ion-channel receptors (5-HT(3)Rs) on vagal cardiopulmonary afferents mediating the Bezold-Jarisch reflex (BJR) rapidly desensitize upon repeated exposure to selective 5-HT(3)R agonists. G-protein-coupled 5-HT(2) receptors (5-HT(2)Rs) also exist on vagal afferents, although activation of these receptors(More)
At present, the only specific medical treatment for acute ischaemic stroke is intravenous administration of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator within 4.5 hours of stroke onset. In the last year, two scores for risk stratification of intracranial haemorrhage have been derived from multicentric European trial groups, the Safe Implementation of Treatment(More)
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