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Our previous studies have shown that in psychotics, the plasma serine level is abnormally high and that plasma serine hydroxymethyltransferase (which cleaves serine to glycine) activity is abnormally low as compared with that in nonpsychotic subjects. In this study, psychotic and nonpsychotic subjects ingested a large bolus of L-serine (4 mM/kg) at(More)
The effects of four inhibitors of glutamine hydrolysis on synaptosomes derived from several regions of the brain were studied. The calcium-specific release of endogenous glutamic acid was determined in the presence of varying concentrations of 6-diazo-5-oxo-norleucine (DON), N-ethyl-maleimide (NEM), 2-chloroadenosine (2-CA) or haloperidol. Both DON and NEM(More)
Phosphate-activated glutaminase was isolated from synaptosomes from three areas of rat brain. Glutamine utilization phosphate activation and inhibition by glutamate or ammonia were assessed in the absence or presence of haloperidol, chlorpromazine, or clozapine. All three drugs (at 1 micromolar concentration) elevated the Km for glutamine using preparations(More)
The ability of several classes of neuroleptics to inhibit the activity of phosphate-activated glutaminase was studied in several brain regions. These agents decreased glutaminase activity only in the amygdala. Amphetamine elevated glutaminase activity in this region. This stimulation was not blocked by (-) butaclamol, but was blocked by (+) butaclamol,(More)
The question of whether neuroleptics can play a role in the hyperserinemia and low serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) activity previously reported in psychotic patients is investigated in this report. We find that in drug-free psychotics who had significantly higher plasma serine levels (PSL) and lower SHMT activity compared to nonpsychotics and normal(More)
Apomorphine (APO), 2-di-n-propylamino-4,7-dimethoxyindane (RDS-127) and 2-di-n-propylamino-5,8-dimethoxytetralin (JMC-181) were examined on a variety of biochemical and pharmacological assays to determine their possible interaction with dopamine (DA) receptors. Nanomolar concentrations of all three compounds displaced [3H]APO from specific high-affinity(More)
Thirteen brain dysfunctional patients with psychosis were compared to 11 brain dysfunctional patients without psychosis by EEG, CT scan and neuropsychological test abnormalities, and abnormalities in serine metabolism. None of the tests of conventional measures of brain pathology and pathophysiology significantly differentiated between the psychotic and(More)
In a study of fasting plasma serine levels (PSL) previously shown to be a biological marker for psychosis, we found significantly higher (P = 0.0008) PSL in 18 psychotic depressives when compared to 22 nonpsychotic depressives. Similarly the activity of the enzyme serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) which cleaves serine to glycine, was significantly(More)