Joy Kumar Chakma

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Morbidity in leprosy is almost always due to reactions. Similarly, to a great extent, deformities in leprosy are the consequence of reactions occurring both in borderline patients (type 1 or reversal reactions) and in lepromatous patients (type 2 or ENL reactions). Over the last three decades, work has centred around finding who are prone to getting the(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was initiated to assess the extent of undetected (new) leprosy cases in Firozabad District of U.P. METHODS A sample survey of more than 980,000 people was undertaken in nine blocks of the district during October 2006 to March 2009, using a household questionnaire and a cross section survey. RESULTS A total of 774 previously(More)
A pilot study has been undertaken to compare the efficacy of small dose pulsed betamethasone therapy with need based oral steroids in chronic recurrent erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL) patients. Though this mode of therapy was well tolerated, no advantage with intermittent steroid administration was observed. This could have been on account of small dose of(More)
This study based on rapid survey methodology examining 17.86 lakhs population revealed that leprosy prevalence in Agra District is 6.1/10,000 during 2004-06, with 97.2% of the cases detected for the first time. Although leprosy is still endemic but all the leprosy indicators have shown positive change since last survey in 2001-03. The results seem promising(More)
Florid reactive periostitis ossificans is a rare bone lesion usually occurring in the small, tubular bones of the hands and feet. This entity is a benign and aggressive periosteal reaction associated with soft tissue swelling that appears similar to a bone lesion that radiographically and clinically mimics an infectious or neoplastic process. Typically the(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the urinary nitric oxide metabolites in lepromatous patients in ENL (type 2 reactions) and to compare these metabolites after subsidence of reactions following antireactional therapy. Further to compare the levels in a group of lepromatous leprosy patients without reactions. DESIGN The initial urine samples were collected from(More)
AIM To study the magnitude of default, time of default, its causes, and final clinical outcome. METHODS Data collected in active surveys in Agra is analyzed. Patients were given treatment after medical confirmation and were followed up. The treatment default and other clinical outcomes were recorded. RESULTS Patients who defaulted have comparable(More)
The pathogen Mycobacterium leprae causes leprosy that affects mainly skin and nerves. Polymorphisms of certain genes are substantiated to be associated with the susceptibility/resistance to leprosy. The present investigation addressed the association of Nitric Oxide Synthase2 gene polymorphisms and leprosy in a population from northern part of India. A(More)
A lepromatous patient treated with dapsone in the pre-MDT era to the point of smear negativity (> 6 years), relapsed 5 years after stopping treatment. He was then put on WHO-MDT for multibacillary (MB) leprosy, and was treated again; he had negative slit skin smears (3 years). He again presented with a relapse of leprosy 17 years after stopping treatment,(More)