Joy Elizabeth Garrett

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A lesser-expressing form of the human 5-HT transporter (5-HTT) gene has been associated with increased fear and anxiety and vulnerability to the effects of stress. These phenotypic abnormalities are linked to functional and anatomical disturbances in a neural pathway connecting the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and amygdala. Likewise, rodent and nonhuman primate(More)
A growing body of work has documented sex differences in many behavioral, neurochemical, and morphological responses to stress. Chronic stress alters morphology of dendrites in medial prefrontal cortex in male rats. However, potential sex differences in stress-induced morphological changes in medial prefrontal cortex have not been examined. Thus, in(More)
Cholinergic projections from the nucleus basalis play a critical role in cortical plasticity. For instance, cholinergic deafferentation increases dendritic spine density and expression of the GluR1 subunit of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate receptor in frontal cortex. Acetylcholine modulates glutamatergic activity in cortex, and the(More)
Dissociated parasympathetic neurons rapidly initiate neurite outgrowth when exposed to culture medium previously conditioned by the growth of embryonic heart cells. The inducer of neurite outgrowth in the conditioned medium is a substratum-conditioning factor; that is, it does not act in a soluble form, but acts only when bound to the nerve cell culture(More)
Experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of ovariectomy on gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) messenger RNA (mRNA), proGnRH and GnRH peptide levels in the hypothalamus of female rats. Intact proestrous female rats and female rats, which had been ovariectomized for 2 weeks, were sacrificed at 9.00 h and the preoptic area (POA) and basal(More)
Pro-oxidative stressors can suppress host immunity due to their ability to generate oxidized lipid agonists of the platelet-activating factor-receptor (PAF-R). As radiation therapy also induces reactive oxygen species, the present studies were designed to define whether ionizing radiation could generate PAF-R agonists and if these lipids could subvert host(More)
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