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The inflammatory cytokines interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and the anti-inflammatory peptide--the interleukin 1 (IL-1) receptor antagonist--were measured in the plasma of children with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA). In the two subgroups studied (polyarticular JCA and systemic JCA), there was(More)
OBJECTIVE Acupuncture is commonly used by patients with chronic painful musculoskeletal disorders. There are, however, few well-designed studies of its efficacy. This paper describes a randomized placebo-controlled cross-over design to evaluate acupuncture as a useful treatment adjunct in the management of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) can persist through adolescence and adulthood, resulting in significant disability. The use of low-dose oral methotrexate (MTX) for persistent polyarthritis has been shown to be effective by the USA/USSR collaborative study group. However, 2 of the most disabling subgroups of JIA, systemic and extended(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture, as compared with physiotherapy, in the management of chronic neck pain. DESIGN Seventy adult patients with non-inflammatory neck pain of >6 weeks duration and with no abnormal neurology were randomly assigned to receive either of the treatments. Thirty-five patients were included in each group. (More)
Interaction of methylxanthines, aminophylline (AMP) and caffeine (CAF) on seizure protective ability of various antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), diphenylhydantoin (DPH), phenobarbitone (PB), diazepam (DZP), sodium valproate (SV) and ethosuximide (ESM) was investigated in rats. In the maximal electroshock seizure (MES) test, ED100 doses (mg/kg, ip), against hind(More)
Twelve children are described with an essentially benign vasculitic illness in association with streptococcal infection. They demonstrated characteristic clinical features of nodular cutaneous polyarteritis with fever. Laboratory findings showed an acute phase response associated with raised antistreptolysin and antihyaluronidase titres in all patients and(More)
The functional and psychological outcome of 43 patients with polyarticular juvenile arthritis was assessed in order to evaluate the impact of disease on their quality of life. Mean disease duration was 19.7 yr (range 10-39 yr), mean age 26.7 yr (range 18-54 yr) with sex ratio 1:3 (male:female). Severe disability was present in 8% of systemic onset, 34% of(More)
OBJECTIVE To distinguish childhood-onset scleroderma from adult-onset disease. METHODS The clinical and serologic features of 58 patients with childhood-onset scleroderma (11 patients with diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis [SSc], 16 with linear SSc, 14 with linear morphea, and 17 with morphea) were examined in the largest cohort of such patients(More)
OBJECTIVES This study investigates the psychological functioning of children with polyarticular joint disease and its association with disease activity and disability. METHODS Sixty children aged 7-18 yrs with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and >4 joints involved were recruited. Children underwent a physical examination. The Childhood HAQ was completed by(More)