Joy A. Phillips

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With advancing age, the mammalian thymus undergoes involution, a progressive loss of architectural integrity and lymphoid cellularity that results in reduced T lymphopoiesis. Thymic involution also is associated with extreme malnutrition and states of immune deficiency, such as active HIV infection, after chemotherapy, or during pregnancy. Immune recovery(More)
Thymic involution begins early in life and continues throughout adulthood, resulting in a decreased population of naive T cells in the periphery and a reduced ability to fight off newly encountered infectious diseases. We have previously shown that the first step of thymopoiesis is specifically blocked in aging. This block at the DN1 to DN2 transition and(More)
A conformationally-biased, response-selective agonist of human C5a(65-74) (EP67) activated antigen presenting cells (APC) from aged C57Bl/6 mice in vitro and the generation of antigen (Ag)-specific antibody (Ab) responses in aged mice in vivo. EP67, induced the release of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, TNFα, and INFγ from splenic APCs obtained from(More)
A conformationally biased, agonist of human C5a(65-74) (EP67) was assessed for its adjuvant activities in vitro and in vivo. EP67 induced the release of the inflammatory (Th1) type cytokines from C5a receptor (CD88)-bearing antigen presenting cells (APC). EP67 did not induce the release of these cytokines from splenic APCs obtained from C5a receptor(More)
This paper describes a method for a single-step, site-specific conjugation of bioactive peptides to proteins that exploits the monitoring advantages provided by the unique UV signature absorbance of a bis-arylhydrazone. The utility of this method is demonstrated by the conjugation of a decapeptide molecular adjuvant, YSFKDMP(MeL)aR (EP67), to two test(More)
The anaphylatoxin C5a is an especially potent mediator of both local and systemic inflammation. However, C5a also plays an essential role in mucosal host defense against bacterial, viral, and fungal infection. We have developed a response-selective agonist of human C5a, termed EP67, which retains the immunoenhancing activity of C5a at the expense of its(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (('I.I.) is the most common leukemia in the Western world and the only leukemia for which a possible genetic component has been described. Analysis of this genetic component has been hindered by the fact that disease onset normally occurs after age 50. We report here the aged NZB mouse as an animal model for CLL. NZB mice have a(More)
Hereditary forms of pituitary insufficiency not associated with anatomic defects of the central nervous system, hypothalamus, or pituitary are a heterogeneous group of disorders that result from interruptions at different points in the hypothalamic-pituitary-somatomedin-peripheral tissue axis. These different types of pituitary dwarfism can be classified on(More)
EP67 is a complement component 5a (C5a)-derived peptide agonist of the C5a receptor (CD88) that selectively activates DCs over neutrophils. Systemic administration of EP67 covalently attached to peptides, proteins, or attenuated pathogens generates TH1-biased immunogen-specific humoral and cellular immune responses with little inflammation. Furthermore,(More)