Jovina Z. Tan

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The timing and nature of the arrival and the subsequent expansion of modern humans into eastern Asia remains controversial. Using Y-chromosome biallelic markers, we investigated the ancient human-migration patterns in eastern Asia. Our data indicate that southern populations in eastern Asia are much more polymorphic than northern populations, which have(More)
Female reproductive hormones control mammary gland morphogenesis. In the absence of the progesterone receptor (PR) from the mammary epithelium, ductal side-branching fails to occur. We can overcome this defect by ectopic expression of the protooncogene Wnt-1. Transplantation of mammary epithelia from Wnt-4(-)/(-) mice shows that Wnt-4 has an essential role(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) has a substantial inflammatory component, and activated microglia may play a central role in neuronal degeneration. CD40 expression was increased on cultured microglia treated with freshly solublized amyloid-beta (Abeta, 500 nanomolar) and on microglia from a transgenic murine model of AD (Tg APPsw). Increased tumor necrosis factor(More)
An androgen receptor (AR) gene mutation identified in the androgen-dependent human prostate cancer xenograft, CWR22, changed codon 874 in the ligand-binding domain (exon H) from CAT for histidine to TAT for tyrosine and abolished a restriction site for the endonuclease SfaNI. SfaNI digestion of AR exon H DNA from normal but not from prostate cancer tissue(More)
Androgenic hormones mediate their effects on male sex differentiation and development through a high affinity receptor protein. We report here cloning of the complete coding sequence of the human androgen receptor (hAR). By sequence homology hAR is a member of the nuclear receptor family, with closest sequence identity to the progesterone,(More)
Reactive microglia have been suggested to play a role in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) process, and previous studies have shown that expression of CD45, a membrane-bound protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTP), is elevated in microglia in AD brain compared with controls. To investigate the possible role of CD45 in microglial responsiveness to beta-amyloid (Abeta)(More)
Identification of tumor suppressor genes (TSG) silenced by methylation uncovers mechanisms of tumorigenesis and identifies new epigenetic tumor markers for early cancer detection. Both nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and esophageal carcinoma are major tumors in Southern China and Southeast Asia. Through expression subtraction of NPC, we identified Deleted in(More)
Chemokine receptor CCR2 and stromal-derived factor (SDF-1) are involved in HIV infection and AIDS symptom onset. Recent cohort studies showed that point mutations in these two genes, CCR2-64I and SDF1-3'A, can delay AIDS onset > or = 16 years after seroconversions. The protective effect of CCR2-64I is dominant, whereas that of SDF1-3'A is recessive.(More)
There is evidence from both genetic and pharmacologic studies to suggest that the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) enzyme plays a causal role in the development of colorectal cancer. However, little is known about the identity or role of the eicosanoid receptor pathways activated by COX-derived prostaglandins (PG). We previously have reported that COX-2-derived(More)
It has been reported that ligation of CD40 with CD40 ligand (CD40L) results in microglial activation as evidenced by p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) dependent tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) production. Previous studies have shown that CD45, a functional transmembrane protein-tyrosine phosphatase, is constitutively expressed at(More)