Jovanna Dahlgren

Learn More
The gut microbiota is central to human health, but its establishment in early life has not been quantitatively and functionally examined. Applying metagenomic analysis on fecal samples from a large cohort of Swedish infants and their mothers, we characterized the gut microbiome during the first year of life and assessed the impact of mode of delivery and(More)
Noonan syndrome (NS) is a common, clinically and genetically heterogeneous condition characterized by distinctive facial features, short stature, chest deformity, congenital heart disease, and other comorbidities. Gene mutations identified in individuals with the NS phenotype are involved in the Ras/MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) signal(More)
AIM To establish new reference values for measurements of waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio in preschool children. METHODS A population-based, cross-sectional study of 4502 children aged 0-5 years derived from child health care in a Swedish county. Measurements of weight, height and waist circumference were recorded using a standardized(More)
OBJECTIVE There are clear sex differences in the distribution of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) in adults, with males having more VAT and less SAT than females. This study assessed whether these differences between the sexes were already present in preschool children. It also evaluated which measures of body composition(More)
To provide basic information on the normal functioning of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis in relation to pubertal development, growth (weight and height), body composition, and gender and to obtain reference data for serum cortisol concentrations in children, we investigated the basal circadian rhythm of serum cortisol in a group of 235 healthy(More)
Obese adolescents have high concentrations of saturated fatty acids and low omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCUFAs) in plasma phospholipids. We aimed to investigate effects of omega-3 LCPUFA supplementation to obese adolescents on skeletal muscle lipids and glucose and insulin homeostasis. Twenty-five obese adolescents (14-17 years old, 14(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the user acceptance of a electronic auto-injector device (easypod) for recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH) administration. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS This was an open-label, uncontrolled study in which participants (n = 61) were trained to use the device to administer subcutaneous recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH).(More)
CONTEXT Measurement of IGF-I is a cornerstone in diagnosis and monitoring of GH-related diseases, but considerable discrepancies exist between analytical methods. A recent consensus conference defined criteria for validation of IGF-I assays and for establishment of normative data. OBJECTIVES Our objectives were development and validation of a novel(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the association of IGF-I and birth size by studying small for gestational age (SGA) subphenotypes and undertaking more detailed analysis of IGF-I genetic markers. SGA subjects from Haguenau, France (n = 113), and Gothenburg, Sweden (n = 174), were studied. The Swedish subjects were subphenotyped according to postnatal(More)
Maternal systemic infection during pregnancy may expose the fetus to infectious agents and high levels of mediators of the resulting inflammatory response, such as IL-6 (IL-6). Increased fetal and maternal levels of IL-6 have been associated with adverse neonatal outcome but might also stress the fetus and contribute to cardiovascular and neuroendocrine(More)