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BACKGROUND It is becoming increasingly clear that, during successful highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), a proportion of treated patients develop opportunistic infections (OIs), referred to in this setting as immune restoration disease (IRD). We examined the risk of developing IRD in HAART-treated HIV-infected patients. METHODS A retrospective(More)
To determine the outcome of HIV infection in children in a resource-limited setting, a retrospective analysis of a series of 51 pediatric cases from the Serbian cohort of HIV infected patients was performed. Twenty seven patients died in the pre-HAART era, but mono/dual antiretroviral treatment had significantly (p=0.046) prolonged survival. Of the total of(More)
While HAART allows for the reconstitution of immune functions in most treated HIV patients, discrepant responses including failure to achieve a significant increase in circulating CD4+ T cells despite undetectable plasma viral loads (pVL), or a good immunological response while not reaching undetectable viremia, may occur. Thus, to evaluate the incidence of(More)
It has been suggested that vaginal lactobacilli may influence heterosexual transmission of HIV infection. The aim of this study was to compare the vaginal flora on Gram's stained and isolation rate, quantity and H2O2 production of lactobacilli between HIV positive and HIV negative women. Although, the prevalence of abnormal vaginal flora was increased in(More)
To examine the prognosis of patients who present with very advanced HIV-induced immunodeficiency, and their response to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), a series of 101 treatment naïve patients from the Serbian cohort of HIV infected patients, who presented with a CD4 count of </= 50/microL before commencing HAART, was retrospectively analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND HAART has dramatically changed the prognosis of AIDS, but has led to long-term toxicities of antiretroviral drugs. A major chronic complication is the metabolic syndrome (MS), including hyperlipidemia, lipodystrophy (LD), and impaired glucose metabolism. METHODS A cross-sectional study of a series of 582 patients from the Serbian HIV/AIDS(More)
Worldwide HIV-1 pandemic is becoming increasingly complex, with growing heterogeneity of subtypes and recombinant viruses. Previous studies have documented HIV-1 subtype B as the predominant one in Serbia, with limited presence and genetic diversity of non B subtypes. In recent years, MSM transmission has become the most frequently reported risk for HIV(More)
In Serbia, the first cases of HIV infection were reported in 1985, whereas antiretroviral (ARV) therapy has been in use since 1987. With this study we aimed to assess the occurrence and pattern of HIV resistance mutations among newly diagnosed patients in the period 2002-2011. The study prospectively included 181 adult patients. Genotypic HIV-1 drug(More)
BACKGROUND Use of dideoxynucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (dNRTIs) may lead to increased mitochondrial toxicity. We compared nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) use as part of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in two HIV clinics: one in a low-middle income (HIV Centre Belgrade [HCB], Serbia) and one a high income (ICDC, Royal Free(More)
INTRODUCTION We evaluated the effects of highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy (HAART) in a resource-limited settings. METHODS A cross-sectional study was performed in patients who had initiated HAART at the HIV/AIDS-Center, Belgrade, Serbia. Treatment response was considered favorable in case of the achievement of undetectable HIVRNA plasma-viral-load(More)