Jouni Hirvonen

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During the last few years, a number of interesting drug delivery applications of mesoporous materials have been demonstrated. Mesoporous silicon has many important properties advantageous to drug delivery applications. The small size of the pores confines the space of a drug and engages the effects of surface interactions of the drug molecules and the pore(More)
Mesoporous silicon (PSi) microparticles were produced using thermal carbonization (TCPSi) or thermal oxidation (TOPSi) to obtain surfaces suitable for oral drug administration applications. The loading of five model drugs (antipyrine, ibuprofen, griseofulvin, ranitidine and furosemide) into the microparticles and their subsequent release behaviour were(More)
Thermosensitive polymers poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM), poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) (PVCL) and PVCL grafted with amphiphilic poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) chains (PVCL-graft-C11EO42) were prepared and characterized and their putative cytotoxicity was evaluated. The cytotoxicity of these thermosensitive polymers and their monomers was investigated as a(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore the possible role of hetero-oligomerization among the human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases in attenuating the consequences of the pathological Y486D mutation (UGT1A1 numbering) that often causes hyperbilirubinaemia. Owing to exon sharing in the human UGT1A gene, the equivalent mutation is present in all other UGT1As of the affected(More)
The initial glucuronidation rates were determined for eight recombinant human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) of the 1A subfamily, and the bisubstrate kinetics and inhibition patterns were analyzed. At low substrate concentrations, the reactions followed general ternary complex kinetics, whereas at higher concentrations of both substrates, the reactions(More)
Eight human liver UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) were expressed in baculovirus-infected insect cells as fusion proteins carrying a short C-terminal extension that ends with 6 histidine residues (His tag). The activity of recombinant UGT1A1, UGT1A3, UGT1A4, UGT1A6, UGT2B4, UGT2B7, and UGT2B15 was almost fully inhibited by 0.2% Triton X-100. In the case(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the transdermal delivery of drugs using iontophoresis with cation- and anion-exchange fibers as controlled drug delivery vehicles. Complexation of charged model drugs with the ion-exchange fibers was studied as a method to achieve controlled transdermal drug delivery. Drug release from the cation-exchange fiber into(More)
Mesoporous silicon particles hold great potential in improving the solubility of otherwise poorly soluble drugs. To effectively translate this feature into the clinic, especially via oral or parenteral administration, a thorough understanding of the interactions of the micro- and nanosized material with the physiological environment during the delivery(More)
Porous silicon (PSi) particles have been studied for the effects they elicit in Caco-2 and RAW 264.7 macrophage cells in terms of toxicity, oxidative stress, and inflammatory response. The most suitable particles were then functionalized with a novel (18)F label to assess their biodistribution after enteral and parenteral administration in a rat model. The(More)
In this study, solvent-mediated phase transformations of theophylline (TP) and nitrofurantoin (NF) were measured in a channel flow intrinsic dissolution test system. The test set-up comprised simultaneous measurement of drug concentration in the dissolution medium (with UV-Vis spectrophotometry) and measurement of the solid-state form of the dissolving(More)