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The Finnish wolf population (Canis lupus) was sampled during three different periods (1996-1998, 1999-2001 and 2002-2004), and 118 individuals were genotyped with 10 microsatellite markers. Large genetic variation was found in the population despite a recent demographic bottleneck. No spatial population subdivision was found even though a significant(More)
Most theoretical models on evolution of male secondary sexual characters and female preferences for these characters suggest that the male characters evolve in response to female preferences that may themselves evolve in response to direct or indirect benefits of choice. In Drosophila montana (a species of the D. virilis group), females use male song in(More)
Genetic substructuring in plant populations may evolve as a consequence of sampling events that occur when the population is founded or regenerated, or if gene dispersal by pollen and seeds is restricted within a population. Silene tatarica is an endangered, perennial plant species growing along periodically disturbed riverbanks in northern Finland. We(More)
We investigated the distribution of genetic variation within and between seven subpopulations in a riparian population of Silene tatarica in northern Finland by using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. A Bayesian approach-based clustering program indicated that the marker data contained not only one panmictic population, but consisted of(More)
In Drosophila montana, male courtship song frequency is closely associated with male courtship success and offspring survival. Other pulse characters (pulse length and cycle number) may also affect female mate choice, whereas pulse train characters (interpulse interval, pulse number and pulse train length) are not associated with these male fitness(More)
This study partitions selection in a natural metapopulation of a riparian plant species, Silene tatarica, into individual- and patch-level components by using contextual analysis, in which a patch refers to a spatially distinct stand of individual plants. We estimated selection gradients for two morphological characters (plant height and number of stems),(More)
We examined sexual selection by Drosophila littoralis, D. montana, and D. ezoana females on male courtship sounds to determine whether the females use absolute or relative criteria when choosing their mates. Behavior of the females was observed, when they were courted by a single male producing normal sounds, or by a single wing-manipulated male producing(More)
We have used a quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping approach to study the genetic basis of differences between two Drosophila virilis strains representing extreme phenotypes in two song characters, the number of pulses in a pulse train (PN) and the length of a pulse train (PTL). Variation in these characters among 520 F2 males was studied by single-marker(More)
We analyzed the inheritance of two male courtship song characters, number of pulses in a pulse train, and length of a pulse train in Drosophila virilis. Biometric analyses of song differences among 16 crosses over three generations (parental and reciprocal F1, F2, and backcrosses) were performed using two different approaches. The joint scaling test(More)
Many western European carnivore populations became almost or completely eradicated during the last ~200 years, but are now recovering. Extirpation of wolves started in Finland in the 19th century, and for more than 150 years the population size of wolves has remained small. To investigate historical patterns of genetic variation, we extracted DNA from 114(More)