Jouko P Pirhonen

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OBJECTIVES To investigate the association between the geometrical properties of episiotomy and obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) because episiotomies angled at 40-60° are associated with fewer OASIS than episiotomies with more acute angles. DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø and Nordland Hospital,(More)
OBJECTIVE In Norway, we have experienced a gradual increase in the incidence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries from under 1% in the late 1960s to 4.3% in 2004. This study was aimed to assess whether an interventional program causes a decrease in the frequency of anal sphincter tears. METHODS In all, 40,152 vaginal deliveries between 2003 and 2009 were(More)
OBJECTIVES Anal sphincter rupture is a serious complication of a vaginal delivery. A considerable number of women suffer permanent anal incontinence after this type of injury. The incidence of sphincter tears is believed to have increased over several decades in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland, but there seem to be significant differences in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate if an interventional program causes a decrease in the frequency of anal sphincter ruptures. METHODS A total of 12,369 vaginal deliveries between 2002 and March 2007 were enrolled in the interventional cohort study. Slowing the delivery of the infant's head and instructing the mother not to push while the head is delivered was the(More)
BACKGROUND Anal sphincter rupture is a serious complication of vaginal delivery and almost half the affected women have persistent defecatory symptoms despite adequate primary repair. During the past decade, the incidence of anal sphincter ruptures has been increasing in Sweden and is currently estimated to occur in 2.5% of vaginal deliveries. The aim of(More)
We investigated whether Doppler measurement of the fetal middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity can be used to detect fetal anemia in pregnancies complicated by maternal blood group immunization. We first studied normal values for the middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity in 135 fetuses (Group A), and also in 23 fetuses at risk for anemia who(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to evaluate radiation-induced changes in tumor blood flow by color Doppler ultrasonography. METHODS Color Doppler examination was performed on 14 patients with advanced cervical carcinoma treated with external radiotherapy. The total dose of radiation varied from 30 to 65 Gy and was given as 1.9 Gy daily fractions, 5(More)
BACKGROUND Large for gestational age fetuses, also called macrosomic fetuses, represent a continuing challenge in obstetrics. METHODS We review various problems with large for gestational age fetuses. We have performed a literature search, mainly through the database PubMed (includes the Medline database). The clinical problem is discussed from the(More)
The study's objective was to identify HPA 1a-negative women and to offer them an intervention program aimed to reduce morbidity and mortality of neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT). HPA 1 typing was performed in 100 448 pregnant women. The HPA 1a-negative women were screened for anti-HPA 1a. In immunized women, delivery was performed by Cesarean(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate and compare the risk profile of sustaining obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) and associated risks in five risk groups (low to high), after the OASIS rate was reduced from 4.6% to 2.0% following an interventional programme. The main focus of the intervention was on manual assistance during the final part of second stage of(More)