Jouko Kalmari

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Graphical user interface design is a very visual process which requires graphical tools. Modern integrated development environments have text editors for writing code and graphical user interface editors for designing the user interface. In ISO 11783 systems this distinction between the program logic and the user interface elements is even more pronounced(More)
The possible co-digestion of energy crops and industrial confectionery by-products with cow manure was evaluated firstly, through long-term batch experiments and secondly, in a farm-scale digester. In batch assays, digestion with mesophilically digested cow manure as inoculum resulted in specific methane yields (m3 kg(-1) VS added waste) of 0.35 for grass(More)
ISO 11783 is a communication standard for agricultural and forest machines. This standard allows an implement to command specific functions of a tractor. Agricultural tractors can be equipped for silvicultural work forming small scale forest machine. It could cost-efficiently compete against common forest machines in some tasks. We have developed an ISO(More)
A new measurement concept for cut-to-length forest harvesters is presented in this paper. The cut-to-length method means that the trees are felled, delimbed and cut-to-length by the single-grip harvester before logs are transported to the roadside. The concept includes measurements done to standing trees before felling to calculate optimal length of logs.(More)
Forest machines are manually operated machines that are efficient when operated by a professional. Point cleaning is a silvicultural task in which weeds are removed around a young spruce tree. To automate point cleaning, machine vision methods are used for identifying spruce trees. A texture analysis method based on the Radon and wavelet transforms is(More)
An approach to automatically detect and classify young spruce and birch trees in forest environment is presented. The method could be used in autonomous or semi-autonomous forest machines during tending operations. Detection is done by segmenting laser range images formed by a rotating laser scanner. Classification is done with a two-class Naive Bayes(More)
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