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We have performed the first genome-wide analysis of the Inverted Repeat (IR) structure in the human genome, using a novel and efficient software package called Inverted Repeats Finder (IRF). After masking of known repetitive elements, IRF detected 22,624 human IRs characterized by arm size from 25 bp to >100 kb with at least 75% identity, and spacer length(More)
The genomes of birds are much smaller than mammalian genomes, and transposable elements (TEs) make up only 10% of the chicken genome, compared with the 45% of the human genome. To study the mechanisms that constrain the copy numbers of TEs, and as a consequence the genome size of birds, we analyzed the distributions of LINEs (CR1's) and SINEs (MIRs) on the(More)
It has been hypothesised that the massive accumulation of L1 transposable elements on the X chromosome is due to their function in X inactivation, and that the accumulation of Alu elements near genes is adaptive. We tested the possible selective advantage of these two transposable element (TE) families with a novel method, interruption analysis. In(More)
Topical application of the 5-HT3 receptor antagonist ondansetron (50-250 microg) delivered in a pluronic lecithin organogel vehicle (PLO, 0.5 ml) produced dose-dependent attenuation of nociceptive and inflammatory effects of intradermally injected capsaicin (10 microg/10 microl) in humans. Significant, dose-dependent analgesic effects were produced by 100(More)
The constant bombardment of mammalian genomes by transposable elements (TEs) has resulted in TEs comprising at least 45% of the human genome. Because of their great age and abundance, TEs are important in comparative phylogenomics. However, estimates of TE age were previously based on divergence from derived consensus sequences or phylogenetic analysis,(More)
  • J Giordano
  • 1997
The present study examined developmental patterns of antinociception mediated by the spinal 5-HT3 receptor system in the neonatal rat. Intrathecally administered 2-methylserotonin (25-100 micrograms) first produced antinociception against formalin-induced acute inflammatory pain at 10 days postnatally, with effect only at the peak dose (100 micrograms).(More)
Intraplantar co-administration of sub-anesthetic doses of bupivacaine (2.5 microg) or lidocaine (7.5 microg) increased the dose- and time-dependent analgesic effects of the 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, 3-a-tropanyl-1-H-indole-3-carboxylic ester (ICS-205 930) (1-100 microg; 50 microl) against inflammatory pain induced by hindpaw inoculation with complete(More)
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