Jostein Halgunset

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Absolute quantitative measures of breast cancer tissue metabolites can increase our understanding of biological processes. Electronic REference To access In vivo Concentrations (ERETIC) was applied to high resolution magic angle spinning MR spectroscopy (HR MAS MRS) to quantify metabolites in intact breast cancer samples. The ERETIC signal was calibrated(More)
Breast cancer is the most frequent form of cancer in women and improved diagnostic methods are desirable. Malignant cells have altered metabolism and metabolic mapping might become a tool in cancer diagnostics. High-resolution magic angle spinning (HR MAS) MR spectroscopy of tissue biopsies provides detailed information on metabolic composition. The 600 MHz(More)
Separating indolent from aggressive prostate cancer is an important clinical challenge for identifying patients eligible for active surveillance, thereby reducing the risk of overtreatment. The purpose of this study was to assess prostate cancer aggressiveness by metabolic profiling of prostatectomy tissue and to identify specific metabolites as biomarkers(More)
Cytokine levels in amniotic fluid have been shown to increase towards term in normal pregnancies, and may play a regulatory role in parturition by stimulating the local production of prostaglandins. The work reported in the present paper was conducted in order to test the hypothesis that the increased cytokine levels may be induced by a subclinical(More)
Paraffin-embedded tissue is an important source of material for molecular pathology and genetic investigations. We used DNA isolated from microdissected formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded gastric tumors for mutation analysis of a region of the human gene for uracil-DNA glycosylase (UNG), encoding the UNG catalytic domain, and detected apparent base(More)
Male Sprague Dawley rats were exposed to inhalation of n-C9 to n-C13 alkanes close to air saturation at 20 degrees (4438, 1369, 442, 142 and 41 p.p.m., respectively) for 8 hours and observed for the following 14 days. In addition, exposure to higher and lower concentrations of n-C9 was performed. The concentration of alkane in the brain after exposure(More)
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the use of metabolic phenotype, described by high-resolution magic angle spinning magnetic resonance spectroscopy (HR MAS MRS), as a tool for prediction of histological grade, hormone status, and axillary lymphatic spread in breast cancer patients. Biopsies from breast cancer (n = 91) and adjacent non-involved tissue(More)
Biopsies from human prostates were obtained from normal and hyperplastic glands. The intracellular concentrations of calcium, zinc, and magnesium were analyzed using X-ray microanalysis of freeze-dried cryosections. Two prostate biopsies were obtained from kidney donors, ages 19 and 50 years, without any sign of benign nodular hyperplasia. The normal(More)
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men. It is assumed that the tumor microenvironment of the prostate contributes to invasion and metastasis. Stroma-epithelial crosstalk has shown to change with progression of prostate cancer, and thereby the stromal compartment might be an attractive target in diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to(More)
BACKGROUND High-throughput technologies such as microarray have enhanced the discovery of new biomarkers in prostate cancer. However, the reliability of transcriptome analyses is limited by the RNA quality. OBJECTIVE Identification of variables influencing the RNA quality in radical prostatectomy specimens. MATERIAL AND METHODS RNA was extracted using(More)