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Steroid hormones are critical for organismal development and health. The rate-limiting step in steroidogenesis is the transport of cholesterol from the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) to the cytochrome P450 enzyme CYP11A1 in the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM). Cholesterol transfer occurs through a complex termed the "transduceosome," in which(More)
The prostate-specific homeodomain protein NKX3.1 is a tumor suppressor that is commonly down-regulated in human prostate cancer. Using an NKX3.1 affinity column, we isolated topoisomerase I (Topo I) from a PC-3 prostate cancer cell extract. Topo I is a class 1B DNA-resolving enzyme that is ubiquitously expressed in higher organisms and many prokaryotes.(More)
In this study, a multidimensional fractionation approach was combined with MS/MS to increase the capability of characterizing complex protein profiles of mammalian neuronal cells. Proteins extracted from primary cultures of cortical neurons were digested with trypsin followed by fractionation using strong cation exchange chromatography. Each of these(More)
The discovery of effective cancer biomarkers is essential for the development of both advanced molecular diagnostics and new therapies/medications. Finding and exploiting useful clinical biomarkers for cancer patients is fundamentally linked to improving outcomes. Towards these aims, the heterogeneous nature of tumors represents a significant problem. Thus,(More)
Adoption of targeted mass spectrometry (MS) approaches such as multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) to study biological and biomedical questions is well underway in the proteomics community. Successful application depends on the ability to generate reliable assays that uniquely and confidently identify target peptides in a sample. Unfortunately, there is a(More)
Translocator protein (18 kDa, TSPO), previously known as the peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor, is an outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) protein necessary for cholesterol import and steroid production. We reconstituted the mitochondrial targeting and insertion of TSPO into the OMM to analyze the signals and mechanisms required for this process.(More)
Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is a rare disorder of heme metabolism, which usually presents with abdominal pain, gastrointestinal symptoms and autonomic nervous system disturbances. Exacerbations first presenting during pregnancy can mimic various neuropsychiatric disorders and presents a challenging diagnosis. Furthermore, factors precipitating AIP(More)
A simple and rapid method for characterizing hydrophobic integral membrane proteins and its utility for membrane proteomics using microcapillary liquid chromatography coupled on-line with tandem mass spectrometry (microLC-MS/MS) is described. The present technique does not rely on the use of detergents, strong organic acids or cyanogen bromide-mediated(More)
An increasing number of proteomic strategies rely on liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to detect and identify constituent peptides of enzymatically digested proteins obtained from various organisms and cell types. However, sample preparation methods for isolating membrane proteins typically involve the use of detergents and(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine solid tumor heterogeneity on a cellular basis using tissue proteomics that relies on a functional relationship between Laser Capture Microdissection (LCM) and biological mass spectrometry (MS). With the use of LCM, homogeneous regions of cells exhibiting uniform histology were isolated and captured from fresh frozen(More)