Josie P Briggs

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Adenosine coordinates organ metabolism and blood supply, and it modulates immune responses. In the kidney it mediates the vascular response elicited by changes in NaCl concentration in the macula densa region of the nephron, thereby serving as an important regulator of GFR. To determine whether adenosine formation depends on extracellular nucleotide(More)
Adenosine induces vasoconstriction of renal afferent arterioles through activation of A1 adenosine receptors (A1AR). A1AR are directly coupled to Gi/Go, resulting in inhibition of adenylate cyclase, but the contribution of this signaling pathway to smooth muscle cell activation is unclear. In perfused afferent arterioles from mouse kidney, adenosine and the(More)
Na,K,2Cl co-transporter (NKCC2), the primary NaCl uptake pathway in the thick ascending limb of Henle, is expressed in three different full-length splice variants, called NKCC2F, NKCC2A, and NKCC2B. These variants, derived by differential splicing of the variable exon 4, show a distinct distribution pattern along the loop of Henle, but the functional(More)
By crossing mice with expression of Cre recombinase under control of the endogenous renin promoter (Sequeira Lopez ML, Pentz ES, Nomasa T, Smithies O, Gomez RA. Dev Cell 6: 719-728, 2004) with mice in which exon 1 of the Gnas gene was flanked by loxP sites (Chen M, Gavrilova O, Liu J, Xie T, Deng C, Nguyen AT, Nackers LM, Lorenzo J, Shen L, Weinstein LS.(More)
Acute administration of loop diuretics like furosemide leads to a stimulation of renin secretion, an effect thought to result from inhibition of Na-K-2Cl cotransporter (NKCC2)-mediated salt transport at the luminal surface of the macula densa (MD). However, loop diuretics also inhibit NKCC1, the second isoform of the Na-K-2Cl cotransporter, with similar(More)
Three different full-length splice isoforms of the Na-K-2Cl co-transporter (NKCC2/BSC1) are expressed along the thick ascending limb of Henle (TAL), designated NKCC2A, NKCC2B, and NKCC2F. NKCC2F is expressed in the medullary, NKCC2B mainly in the cortical, and NKCC2A in medullary and cortical portions of the TAL. NKCC2B and NKCC2A were shown to be(More)
Adenosine acting through A(1) adenosine receptors (A1AR) has been shown previously to be required for the vasoconstriction elicited by high luminal NaCl concentrations at the macula densa (MD). The present experiments were performed to investigate a possible role of A1AR in MD control of renin secretion in conscious wild-type (WT) and A1AR-deficient mice.(More)
Experiments were performed in neuronal (nNOS)- and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-deficient mice to study the role of nitric oxide (NO) in macula densa control of renin secretion in vivo and in the isolated, perfused mouse kidney. Acute and chronic administration of loop diuretics was used as a method to stimulate macula densa-mediated renin(More)
The reduction of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) caused by inhibitors of carbonic anhydrase (CA) is thought to be initiated by activation of the tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) mechanism. We determined the effect of the CA inhibitor benzolamide (Bz) on renal hemodynamics in adenosine-1 receptor (A1AR) knockout mice that have been shown previously to lack a(More)
In the adult rodent kidney cortex, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), NO synthase (NOS1), and renin synthesis change in parallel on alterations in distal tubular NaCl concentration, and their products in part may mutually determine synthesis and activity of these enzymes. Epithelial NO synthesis has been postulated to exert a stimulatory role on COX-2 expression.(More)