Josiane Wyniger

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Understanding why some people establish and maintain effective control of HIV-1 and others do not is a priority in the effort to develop new treatments for HIV/AIDS. Using a whole-genome association strategy, we identified polymorphisms that explain nearly 15% of the variation among individuals in viral load during the asymptomatic set-point period of(More)
A dipeptidyl-peptidase IV was purified from the culture medium of the human-pathogenic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. The enzyme has an apparent molecular mass of 95 kDa and contained approximately 10 kDa of N-linked carbohydrate. This glycoprotein is antigenic and has all characteristics of the class IV dipeptidyl-peptidases: removal of Xaa-Pro and to a(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Vpu protein interacts with CD4 within the endoplasmic reticula of infected cells and targets CD4 for degradation through interaction with beta-TrCP1. Mammals possess a homologue of beta-TrCP1, HOS, which is also named beta-TrCP2. We show by coimmunoprecipitation experiments that beta-TrCP2 binds Vpu and is(More)
Secretion of several cytokines by colorectal carcinoma cells has been substantiated. These do not include granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) thus far. We show that the supernatant of two human colorectal carcinoma cell lines, LS1034 and SW480, stimulates proliferation of GM-CSF-dependent M07e cells. The activity was constitutively(More)
Stem cell factor (SCF) is a cytokine which plays an important role in the development of precursor cells. We have investigated the expression of SCF and its receptor, the c-kit proto-oncogene, in human colorectal carcinoma cell lines. Using reverse transcription-PCR, we confirmed the expression of c-kit in two lines (LS174T and LS1034) and of SCF in 9 of 11(More)
OBJECTIVE The ABCB1 (MDR1) gene, encoding the transporter P-glycoprotein, is known to act on a broad range of prescription medicines. For this reason a large number of studies have assessed the functional consequences of variation in this gene. Particular attention has focused on the ABCB1_3435C>T polymorphism, an exonic variant resulting in a synonymous(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with several types of cancers including Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). EBV-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1), a multifunctional oncoprotein, is a powerful activator of the transcription factor NF-κB, a property that is essential for EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cell survival.(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are potent proliferation stimulators for numerous tumor cells and often function as autocrine growth factors. We have previously shown that exogenous IGF-I and IGF-II enhance proliferation of colorectal carcinoma cells. The biological signal of both factors is transmitted through the IGF-I receptor (IGF-I-R). This receptor(More)
The growth-inhibitory effect of interleukin-4 (IL-4) was investigated in a panel of 7 human colorectal-carcinoma cell lines. In 5 cell lines (HT29, WiDr, LS411N, LS513, LS1034) a dose-dependent reduction of proliferation was documented. At 100 U/ml, IL-4 inhibited thymidine incorporation between 45 and 75% and MTT conversion (26 to 41%). The ability of(More)
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