Josiane Steinmetz

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The human apolipoprotein (apo) E gene is polymorphic, with three common alleles (epsilon 2, epsilon 3, epsilon 4) coding for three isoforms (E2, E3, E4). The isoforms differ from each other by a single amino acid substitution, and also differ in their binding affinity for the four apo E receptors. Apo E polymorphism is an important determinant of risk for(More)
Plasma lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) has been measured by an enzymatic method. We did not observe any significant sex variations, but age variations were found. In females, LCAT activities are stable up to 40 years (60 mumol . 1.1 . h-1 at the 50th centile). Also, from 50 years the median increased progressively to 76 mumol . 1-1 . h-1. In(More)
This study addresses the measurements of glyphosate exposure received by 14 workers employed at two tree nurseries. The applicators, weeders, and scouts monitored all wore normal work clothing, which for applicators was a protective suit, rubber gloves and boots. Measurements were made of the glyphosate that was dislodged from conifer seedlings during water(More)
The determination of frequency value (percentile limits) and the classification of the different variation factors allow us to define more and more homogeneous subpopulations as we use these factors for sorting. Using as our study population those persons coming to the Centre for Preventive Medicine, we were able to: (a) Describe and measure the(More)
Recent advances in molecular biology provide measures of genotypes at loci involved in lipid metabolism. Genotypes for apolipoprotein E (apo E) and quantitative levels of total plasma cholesterol, betalipoprotein, and triglycerides were measured in a sample of 223 unrelated individuals from Nancy, France. The frequencies of the epsilon 2, epsilon 3, and(More)
The main objective of the Stanislas cohort is to study the role and the contribution of genetic and environmental factors to cardiovascular status. We plan: a) to describe the degree of association of a large number of cardiovascular risk indicators with cardiovascular endpoints, b) to evaluate the contribution of genetic and that of environmental factors(More)
A new method is described for employing family data to test for significant haplotype effects on continuously distributed variables, using likelihood-ratio tests of linear models in which haplotype effects are parameterized and familial correlations taken into account. The method is applied to the apolipoprotein B (Apo B) gene, using 5 polymorphisms(More)
The aim of the present work was to compare in a supposed healthy population of 680 subjects several algorithms for positive selection of urine samples requiring microscopic examination for erythrocytes and leukocytes after screening by automated test-strip measurement and particle counting on a Sysmex UF-50 flow cytometer. Four strategies have been(More)
Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration was determined for 3605 subjects using an immunonephelometric assay improved to provide greater sensitivity. Subjects were from 5 to 75 years old and belonging to 1003 nuclear families recruited from the Stanislas Cohort Study between January 1994 and August 1995. Sample values for CRP ranged from 0.17 mg/l to(More)