Josiane Courtois

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Since the past decades, oligosaccharides are considered for their potential biological activities. To exploit them, it was essential to obtain pure molecules in large amounts. Several strategies were developed to produce specific sugar sequences with specific substitution patterns from land plants and algae polysaccharides. Then, pure oligosaccharides were(More)
The main fraction (about 75%) of the mucilage extracted from seeds of Linum usitatissimum which consists of arabino-xylans (AX) has been studied in dilute and semidilute regimes by SEC/MALLS analysis and rheology, respectively. It has been found that AX contains 3 populations of about 5 000 000 g mol(-1) (less than 10%), 1 000 000 g mol(-1) (about 40%), and(More)
In wheat, little is known about disease resistance inducers and, more specifically, about the biological activities from those derived from endogenous elicitors, such as oligogalacturonides (OGAs). Therefore, we tested the ability of two fractions of OGAs, with polymerization degrees (DPs) of 2-25, to induce resistance to Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici(More)
Transformation of R factor RP4 and its derivative pRK290 from Escherichia coli to Rhizobium meliloti is reported. The efficiency of transformation was in the range of 10(-5) per viable cell. In addition, chromosomal DNA prepared from one R. meliloti strain resistant to streptomycin was transferred to the isoleucine-valine-requiring mutant susceptible to(More)
The EndS encoding sequence was isolated from Sinorhizobium meliloti M5N1CS DNA. Comparisons between the deduced amino acid sequence of the mature EndS (337 amino acids, molecular mass 36,418 Da, isoelectric point 4.92) and those of published β-glycanases showed that this enzyme belongs to family 5 of the glycoside hydrolases. The protein was overproduced in(More)
A rapid method for the determination of the degrees of methylation (DM) and acetylation (DA) of pectins was developed. The polymer substitution degree as determined after saponification at 80 degrees C with NaOD during 1H NMR analysis. Under alkaline conditions, the cleavage of O-acetyl and O-methyl linkages allows the detection and the integration of the(More)
ABSTRACT The prophylactic efficiency of Milsana against powdery mildew was evaluated on wheat (Triticum aestivum). A single short spraying on 10-day-old plantlets reduced the infection level by 85% and two long sprayings led to the total restriction of the disease. Although microscopic studies showed that Milsana treatments enhance hydrogen peroxide(More)
The effects of different nitrogen and carbon sources on cell growth, pH, and exopolysaccharide (EPS) and poly-(beta)-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) production by two strains of Rhizobium meliloti (M5N1 and Su47) are reported. Differences in the behavior of glucose- and fructose-grown cells were shown, in particular with the M5N1 strain. Growth in a(More)
Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is a severe respiratory disease of cattle that is caused by a bacterium of the Mycoplasma genus, namely Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm). In the absence of classical virulence determinants, the pathogenicity of Mmm is thought to rely on intrinsic metabolic functions and specific components of the outer cell(More)