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The main fraction (about 75%) of the mucilage extracted from seeds of Linum usitatissimum which consists of arabino-xylans (AX) has been studied in dilute and semidilute regimes by SEC/MALLS analysis and rheology, respectively. It has been found that AX contains 3 populations of about 5 000 000 g mol(-1) (less than 10%), 1 000 000 g mol(-1) (about 40%), and(More)
In wheat, little is known about disease resistance inducers and, more specifically, about the biological activities from those derived from endogenous elicitors, such as oligogalacturonides (OGAs). Therefore, we tested the ability of two fractions of OGAs, with polymerization degrees (DPs) of 2-25, to induce resistance to Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici(More)
ABSTRACT The prophylactic efficiency of Milsana against powdery mildew was evaluated on wheat (Triticum aestivum). A single short spraying on 10-day-old plantlets reduced the infection level by 85% and two long sprayings led to the total restriction of the disease. Although microscopic studies showed that Milsana treatments enhance hydrogen peroxide(More)
A rapid method for the determination of the degrees of methylation (DM) and acetylation (DA) of pectins was developed. The polymer substitution degree as determined after saponification at 80 degrees C with NaOD during 1H NMR analysis. Under alkaline conditions, the cleavage of O-acetyl and O-methyl linkages allows the detection and the integration of the(More)
The effects of different nitrogen and carbon sources on cell growth, pH, and exopolysaccharide (EPS) and poly-(beta)-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) production by two strains of Rhizobium meliloti (M5N1 and Su47) are reported. Differences in the behavior of glucose- and fructose-grown cells were shown, in particular with the M5N1 strain. Growth in a(More)
The dehydrogenation of [1-(13)C]- and [2-(13)C]glucose into gluconate was monitored by NMR spectroscopy in living cell suspensions of two Rhizobium meliloti strains. The synthesis of gluconate was accompanied, in the cellular environment, by the formation of two gluconolactones, a gamma-lactone being detected in addition to the expected delta-lactone. These(More)
Transformation of R factor RP4 and its derivative pRK290 from Escherichia coli to Rhizobium meliloti is reported. The efficiency of transformation was in the range of 10(-5) per viable cell. In addition, chromosomal DNA prepared from one R. meliloti strain resistant to streptomycin was transferred to the isoleucine-valine-requiring mutant susceptible to(More)
Polysaccharide lyases, which are polysaccharide cleavage enzymes, act mainly on anionic polysaccharides. Produced by prokaryote and eukaryote organisms, these enzymes degrade (1,4) glycosidic bond by a beta elimination mechanism and have unsaturated oligosaccharides as major products. New polysaccharides are cleaved only by their specific polysaccharide(More)
The Rhizobium sp. T1 strain. which induces nodule formation on alfalfa and clover roots, produces, during growth, an extracellular polysaccharide composed of D-glucose and D-glucuronic acid noted glucoglucuronan. During the bacterial growth, the pH of the medium decreases slightly. The control of pH in the growth medium slightly reduces the glucoglucuronan(More)