Josiane Bardakdjian-Michau

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In order to obtain a transgenic mouse model of sickle cell disease, we have synthesized a novel human beta-globin gene, beta SAD, designed to increase the polymerization of the transgenic human hemoglobin S (Hb S) in vivo. beta SAD (beta S-Antilles-D Punjab) includes the beta 6Val substitution of the beta S chain, as well as two other mutations, Antilles(More)
A battery of relatively simple tests allows the presumptive identification of hemoglobin (Hb) variants, making unnecessary structural analysis by protein chemistry methods or DNA sequencing. The primary step in this strategy involves the use of a matrix of electrophoretic mobilities obtained under various experimental conditions. This leads to an(More)
The gene frequency of the most important hemoglobin (Hb) abnormalities is reported in a population of 171 Togolese newborns. Hb phenotypes, hematological parameters, and the more frequently described alpha-gene deletions were analyzed. Structural abnormalities of beta-globin were observed in 35.7% of the children with a gene frequency of 0.105 for beta(S)(More)
Laboratory methods allowing the detection and characterization of hemoglobin variants are reviewed. Protein chemistry techniques such as isoelectrofocusing, electrophoreses under various experimental conditions, cation exchange and reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography, are the most frequently used for the detection of variants. When(More)
In metropolitan France, newborn screening for sickle cell disease has been performed at the Hĵpital Henri Mondor, Créteil, since 1985. After confirmation of the diagnosis, children are enrolled in a comprehensive medical-care program. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of this program in France where most families are first generation immigrants with(More)
A murine model of sickle cell disease was tested by studying the polymerization of hybrid hemoglobin tetramers between alpha mouse and human beta S or beta S Antilles chains were prepared from Hb S Antilles, which was a new sickling hemoglobin inducing a sickle cell syndrome more severe than Hb S. The hybrid molecules did not polymerize in solution,(More)
The populations of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia are composed of different ethnic groups including Arabs, Berbers, Sub-Saharan Africans, Europeans, and Turks. Between 1981 and 1991, we studied more than 3,000 individuals from these North African countries. One-hundred and eighty-one carried one (or more) unusual hemoglobin variant(s) other than Hb S and Hb(More)
An experimental program for neonatal detection of sickle cell disease (SCD) was performed in France in 1990. Our data indicated a high prevalence of SCD, one patient in 1,250 newborns tested. The French national program for neonatal screening for SCD was set up in 1995 by the Association Française pour le Dépistage et la Prévention des Handicaps de l'Enfant(More)
Hemoglobinopathies have become a significant national health problem in France. The biologists have a pivotal role in the genetic diagnoses. Although sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most frequent abnormality found: not less than 200 new cases are observed each year at birth, many other globin gene variations are found in the various ethnic groups. Since(More)
Single point mutation, which accounts for 92% of the 700 known variants, is the most frequent genetic defect responsible for abnormal haemoglobins. Small deletions (or insertions) involving from one to five residues are also observed, but in only approximately 5% of cases. The remaining variants produce fusion or extended haemoglobins. A deletion of eight(More)