Josiah Ochieng

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Exosomes are nano-vesicles secreted by a wide range of mammalian cell types. These vesicles are abundant in serum and other extracellular fluids and contain a large repertoire of proteins, mRNA and microRNA. Exosomes have been implicated in cell to cell communication, the transfer of infectious agents, and neurodegenerative diseases as well as tumor(More)
The expression of annexin A6 (AnxA6) in AnxA6-deficient non-invasive tumor cells has been shown to terminate epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation and downstream signaling. However, as a scaffolding protein, AnxA6 may stabilize activated cell-surface receptors to promote cellular processes such as tumor cell motility and invasiveness. In this(More)
Lifestyle factors are responsible for a considerable portion of cancer incidence worldwide, but credible estimates from the World Health Organization and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) suggest that the fraction of cancers attributable to toxic environmental exposures is between 7% and 19%. To explore the hypothesis that low-dose(More)
Galectin-3, a ␤-galactoside binding protein, plays a significant role in cell to extracellular matrix interactions. Despite its extracellular expression , the precise physiological mechanisms that trigger its release from the intracellular milieu have not been characterized. The present analyses were, therefore, done to identify the extracellular matrix(More)
Fetuin-A is a serum glycoprotein in the cystatin family associated with the regulation of soft tissue calcification. We tested the role of systemic fetuin in tumor cell growth and metastasis by injecting Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells into fetuin-A null and their wild-type (WT) littermate control C57BL/6 mice via the tail vein, s.c., and intrasplenic(More)
Exosomes are small, 40-130 nm secreted extracellular vesicles that recently have become the subject of intense focus as agents of intercellular communication, disease biomarkers and potential vehicles for drug delivery. It is currently unknown whether a cell produces different populations of exosomes with distinct cargo and separable functions. To address(More)
The a2-HeremansSchmid glycoprotein (AHSG) promotes growth in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) Background AHSG is a calcium-binding glycoprotein synthesized primarily by the liver [1-3] and secreted into serum [1-3]. Primarily known for its role in bone growth and remo-deling, it is also reported to be involved in the progression of breast and(More)
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