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The primary structure of galectin-3, a approximately 30 kDa galactoside-binding protein (aka CBP-35, mL-34, hL-31, L-29, Mac-2, and epsilon BP), reveals two structural domains: an amino-terminal domain consists of a Pro-Gly-rich motif, and a globular carboxyl-terminal domain containing a carbohydrate-binding site. In this study, we report that the(More)
Binding of Trypanosoma cruzi trypomastigotes to laminin is enhanced by galectin-3, a beta-galactoside binding lectin. The galectin-3 enhanced binding of trypanosomes to laminin is inhibited by lactose. Co-immunoprecipitations indicate that galectin-3 binds to the 45, 32 and 30 kDa trypanosome surface proteins. Binding of galectin-3 to the 45, 32 and 30 kDa(More)
Galectin-3 has been suspected of modulating cell to extracellular matrix interactions in a novel fashion ever since it was first described. However, the rapid accumulation of research data in just the last 8 years alone has completely changed our perspective of this multifunctional protein. Its chimeric nature (consists of carbohydrate recognition and(More)
Galectin-3 is an important intracellular and extracellular lectin which is presumed to interact with extracellular matrix proteins and cell surface glycoproteins in normal and pathophysiological conditions. The exact physiological role of the protein is presently not known. We have previously demonstrated that recombinant human galectin-3 is a novel(More)
Exosomes are nano-vesicles secreted by a wide range of mammalian cell types. These vesicles are abundant in serum and other extracellular fluids and contain a large repertoire of proteins, mRNA and microRNA. Exosomes have been implicated in cell to cell communication, the transfer of infectious agents, and neurodegenerative diseases as well as tumor(More)
The precise mechanism by which galectin-3 and other cytosolic proteins that lack signal peptides are secreted is yet to be elucidated. In the present analyses, we determined that galectin-3, a beta-galactoside binding protein, can interact directly with membrane lipids in solid phase binding assays. More interestingly, we determined by spectrophotometric(More)
The control of cellular adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins is poorly understood. In the present analyses, we set out to test the hypothesis that high galectin-3 concentration on the cell surface downregulates cellular adhesion to the extracellular matrix proteins. Various tumor cell lines were briefly incubated without or with galectin-3 and then(More)
Galectin-3, a beta-galactoside binding lectin, has been demonstrated to play a key role(s) in cell to extracellular matrix interaction. The precise mechanism by which it modulates cellular adhesion is presently unclear and warrants further studies. We hereby report that galectin-3 mediates the endocytosis of beta-1 integrins in a lactose-dependent manner.(More)
In this report, we have analyzed the adhesive interactions of a breast carcinoma cell line, BT-549, and its galectin-3-transfected subclone 11-9-1-4 with laminin, collagen IV and fibronectin. We determined that 11-9-1-4 cells adhered much more rapidly (within 1 h of plating) to laminin- and collagen IV-coated wells than the galectin-3 null expressing BT-549(More)
In the following experiments, we sought to understand the triggering mechanism which propels galectin-3 to be secreted into the extracellular compartment from its intracellular stores in breast carcinoma cells. We also wanted to analyze in greater details the role of galectin-3 in cellular adhesion and spreading. To do this, we made use of two pairs of(More)