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Chronic intake of arsenic (As) has been associated with increased risk of cancer, diabetes, developmental and reproductive problems, and cardiovascular disease. Recent studies suggest increased health risks with drinking water levels as low as 5-10 ppb. We previously reported that As disrupts glucocorticoid receptor (GR) mediated transcription in a very(More)
Arsenic (As) contamination of drinking water is considered a principal environmental health threat throughout the world. Chronic intake is associated with an increased risk of cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, and recent studies suggest increased health risks at levels as low as 5-10 ppb. We report here that 0.05-1 microM (6-120 ppb) As showed(More)
In an effort to evaluate the effect of normal aging on oropharyngeal events of swallowing, 80 normal volunteers, stratified by gender into four age groups, were studied. Liquid and semisolid swallows were performed and recorded simultaneously using videofluoroscopy and manometry. Several parameters, including total duration of oropharyngeal swallowing, were(More)
Arsenic (As) contamination of drinking water is considered a serious worldwide environmental health threat that is associated with increased disease risks including skin, lung, bladder, and other cancers; type 2 diabetes; vascular and cardiovascular diseases; reproductive and developmental effects; and neurological and cognitive effects. Increased health(More)
Chronic human exposure to nonovertly toxic doses of arsenic is associated with an increased risk of cancer. Although its carcinogenic mechanism is still unknown, arsenic does not directly cause DNA damage or mutations and is therefore thought to act principally as a co-mutagen, co-carcinogen, and/or tumor promoter. Previous studies in our laboratory(More)
Trivalent inorganic arsenic (arsenite, arsenic trioxide, As(III)) is a primary contaminant of groundwater supplies worldwide. As(III), marketed as trisenox, is also an FDA-approved agent to treat cancer It has been previously shown by our laboratory that As(III) administered at doses lower than a therapeutic anticancer dose results in an increase in tumor(More)
This study was undertaken to measure the prevalence of psychological morbidity, and the nature and source of stress, in first year medical students. Two hundred and four first year medical students at a university in the north of England were sent a postal, self-report questionnaire. They were asked to complete the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), the(More)
Certain forms of the heavy metals arsenic and chromium are considered human carcinogens, although they are believed to act through very different mechanisms. Chromium(VI) is believed to act as a classic and mutagenic agent, and DNA/chromatin appears to be the principal target for its effects. In contrast, arsenic(III) is considered nongenotoxic, but is able(More)
Killifish are euryhaline teleosts that normally experience rapid changes in the salinity of the swim water. Acclimation to seawater is mediated by cortisol, which by activating glucocorticoid receptors, upregulates CFTR mediated Cl- secretion in the gill and operculum. Arsenic, a toxic metalloid that naturally occurs in the aquatic environment, has been(More)
The mechanisms of action of drinking water arsenic in the lung and the threshold for biologic effects remain controversial. Our study utilizes Affymetrix 22,690 transcript oligonucleotide microarrays to assess the long-term effects of increasing doses of drinking water arsenic on expression levels in the mouse lung. Mice were exposed at levels commonly(More)