Joshua T Ayers

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A series of bis-nicotinium, bis-pyridinium, bis-picolinium, bis-quinolinium and bis-isoquinolinium compounds was evaluated for their binding affinity at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) using rat brain membranes. N,N'-Decane-1,12-diyl-bis-nicotinium diiodide (bNDI) exhibited the highest affinity for [(3)H]nicotine binding sites (K(i)=330 nM), but(More)
The current study evaluated a new series of N,N'-alkane-diyl-bis-3-picolinium (bAPi) analogs with C6-C12 methylene linkers as nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) antagonists, for nicotine-evoked [3H]dopamine (DA) overflow, for blood-brain barrier choline transporter affinity, and for attenuation of discriminative stimulus and locomotor stimulant(More)
The current study demonstrates that N-n-alkylnicotinium analogs with increasing n-alkyl chain lengths from 1 to 12 carbons have varying affinity (Ki = 90 nM-20 microM) for S-(-)-[3H]nicotine binding sites in rat striatal membranes. A linear relationship was observed such that increasing n-alkyl chain length provided increased affinity for the alpha4beta2*(More)
Structural simplification of N-n-alkylnicotinium analogs, antagonists at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), was achieved by removal of the N-methylpyrrolidino moiety affording N-n-alkylpyridinium analogs with carbon chain lengths of C1 to C20. N-n-Alkylpyridinium analog inhibition of [3H]nicotine and [3H]methyllycaconitine binding to rat(More)
The structure of the S(-)-nicotine molecule was modified via N-n-alkylation of the pyridine-N atom to afford a series of N-n-alkylnicotinium iodide salts with carbon chain lengths varying between C(1) and C(12). The ability of these analogs to evoke [(3)H] overflow and inhibit S(-)-nicotine-evoked [(3)H] overflow from [(3)H]dopamine ([(3)H]DA)-preloaded rat(More)
N-n-Alkylation of nicotine converts it from an agonist into an antagonist at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes mediating nicotine-evoked dopamine release. Conformationally restricted analogues exhibit both high affinity and selectivity at this site, and are able to access the brain due to their ability to act as substrates for the(More)
Measurements of the thermal transport properties of the skin can reveal changes in physical and chemical states of relevance to dermatological health, skin structure and activity, thermoregulation and other aspects of human physiology. Existing methods for in vivo evaluations demand complex systems for laser heating and infrared thermography, or they(More)
Continuous monitoring of variations in blood flow is vital in assessing the status of microvascular and macrovascular beds for a wide range of clinical and research scenarios. Although a variety of techniques exist, most require complete immobilization of the subject, thereby limiting their utility to hospital or clinical settings. Those that can be(More)
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