Joshua T. Ayers

Learn More
A series of bis-nicotinium, bis-pyridinium, bis-picolinium, bis-quinolinium and bis-isoquinolinium compounds was evaluated for their binding affinity at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) using rat brain membranes. N,N'-Decane-1,12-diyl-bis-nicotinium diiodide (bNDI) exhibited the highest affinity for [(3)H]nicotine binding sites (K(i)=330 nM), but(More)
Structural simplification of N-n-alkylnicotinium analogs, antagonists at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), was achieved by removal of the N-methylpyrrolidino moiety affording N-n-alkylpyridinium analogs with carbon chain lengths of C1 to C20. N-n-Alkylpyridinium analog inhibition of [H]nicotine and [H]methyllycaconitine binding to rat(More)
Dimeric metal complexes can often exhibit coupling interactions via bridging ligands. In this report, we present two Re(CO)3 dimers, where the metals are linked via a bis(pyca) hydrazine (pyca = pyridine-2-carbaldehyde imine) Schiff base ligand. For the dimeric compounds 4 and 5, we observe strong coupling across the dimer as measured by cyclic voltammetry:(More)
N-n-Alkylpicolinium and N,N'-alkyl-bis-picolinium analogues were assessed in nicotinic receptor (nAChR) assays. The most potent and subtype-selective analogue, N,N'-dodecyl-bis-picolinium bromide (bPiDDB), inhibited nAChRs mediating nicotine-evoked [(3)H]dopamine release (IC(50)=5 nM; I(max) of 60%), and did not interact with alpha4beta2* or alpha7* nAChRs.(More)
The current study demonstrates that N-n-alkylnicotinium analogs with increasing n-alkyl chain lengths from 1 to 12 carbons have varying affinity (Ki = 90 nM-20 microM) for S-(-)-[3H]nicotine binding sites in rat striatal membranes. A linear relationship was observed such that increasing n-alkyl chain length provided increased affinity for the alpha4beta2*(More)
Structural simplification of N-n-alkylnicotinium analogs, antagonists at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), was achieved by removal of the N-methylpyrrolidino moiety affording N-n-alkylpyridinium analogs with carbon chain lengths of C1 to C20. N-n-Alkylpyridinium analog inhibition of [3H]nicotine and [3H]methyllycaconitine binding to rat(More)
The structure of the S(-)-nicotine molecule was modified via N-n-alkylation of the pyridine-N atom to afford a series of N-n-alkylnicotinium iodide salts with carbon chain lengths varying between C(1) and C(12). The ability of these analogs to evoke [(3)H] overflow and inhibit S(-)-nicotine-evoked [(3)H] overflow from [(3)H]dopamine ([(3)H]DA)-preloaded rat(More)
The current study evaluated a new series of N,N'-alkane-diyl-bis-3-picolinium (bAPi) analogs with C6-C12 methylene linkers as nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) antagonists, for nicotine-evoked [3H]dopamine (DA) overflow, for blood-brain barrier choline transporter affinity, and for attenuation of discriminative stimulus and locomotor stimulant(More)
N-n-Alkylation of nicotine converts it from an agonist into an antagonist at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes mediating nicotine-evoked dopamine release. Conformationally restricted analogues exhibit both high affinity and selectivity at this site, and are able to access the brain due to their ability to act as substrates for the(More)
Back-propagation artificial neural networks (ANNs) were trained on a dataset of 42 molecules with quantitative IC50 values to model structure-activity relationships of mono- and bis-quaternary ammonium salts as antagonists at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) mediating nicotine-evoked dopamine release. The ANN QSAR models produced a(More)