Joshua S. Chappie

Learn More
The microtubule-binding interface of the kinetochore is of central importance in chromosome segregation. Although kinetochore components that stabilize, translocate on, and affect the polymerization state of microtubules have been identified, none have proven essential for kinetochore-microtubule interactions. Here, we examined the conserved KNL-1/Mis12(More)
Dynamin is an atypical GTPase that catalyses membrane fission during clathrin-mediated endocytosis. The mechanisms of dynamin's basal and assembly-stimulated GTP hydrolysis are unknown, though both are indirectly influenced by the GTPase effector domain (GED). Here we present the 2.0 A resolution crystal structure of a human dynamin 1-derived minimal(More)
The GTPase dynamin catalyzes membrane fission by forming a collar around the necks of clathrin-coated pits, but the specific structural interactions and conformational changes that drive this process remain a mystery. We present the GMPPCP-bound structures of the truncated human dynamin 1 helical polymer at 12.2 Å and a fusion protein, GG, linking human(More)
Members of the K(+) channel family display remarkable conservation of sequence and structure of the ion selectivity filter, whereas the rates of K(+) turnover vary widely within the family. Here we show that channel conductance is strongly influenced by charge at the channel's intracellular mouth. Introduction of a ring of negative charges at this position(More)
The large multidomain GTPase dynamin self-assembles around the necks of deeply invaginated coated pits at the plasma membrane and catalyzes vesicle scission by mechanisms that are not yet completely understood. Although a structural role for the 'middle' domain in dynamin function has been suggested, it has not been experimentally established. Furthermore,(More)
Dynamin is a large multidomain GTPase that assembles into helical arrays around the necks of deeply invaginated clathrin-coated pits and catalyzes membrane fission during the final stages of endocytosis. Although it is well established that the function of dynamin in vivo depends on its oligomerization and its capacity for efficient GTP hydrolysis, the(More)
Dynamin is a 100 kDa GTPase that organizes into helical assemblies at the base of nascent clathrin-coated vesicles. Formation of these oligomers stimulates the intrinsic GTPase activity of dynamin, which is necessary for efficient membrane fission during endocytosis. Recent evidence suggests that the transition state of dynamin's GTP hydrolysis reaction(More)
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is an essential cofactor for cellular redox reactions and can act as an important substrate in numerous biological processes. As a result, nature has evolved multiple biosynthetic pathways to meet this high chemical demand. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the NAD salvage pathway relies on the activity of nicotinic acid(More)
Helical protein arrays offer unique advantages for structure determination by cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM). A single image of such an array contains a complete range of equally spaced molecular views of the underlying protein subunits, which allows a low-resolution, isotropic three-dimensional (3D) map to be generated from a single helical tube(More)
Dynamin exhibits a high basal rate of GTP hydrolysis that is enhanced by self-assembly on a lipid template. Dynamin's GTPase effector domain (GED) is required for this stimulation, though its mechanism of action is poorly understood. Recent structural work has suggested that GED may physically dock with the GTPase domain to exert its stimulatory effects. To(More)