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OBJECT The extended transsphenoidal approach, which requires a bone and dural opening through the tuberculum sellae and posterior planum sphenoidale, is increasingly used for the treatment of nonadenomatous suprasellar tumors. The authors present their experiences in using the direct endonasal approach in patients with nonadenomatous suprasellar tumors. (More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic pituitary dysfunction is increasingly recognized as a sequela of traumatic brain injury. We sought to define the incidence, risk factors, and neurobehavioral consequences of chronic hormonal deficiencies after complicated mild, moderate, or severe traumatic brain injury. METHODS Patients aged 14 to 80 years were prospectively enrolled at(More)
BACKGROUND Transsphenoidal surgery for parasellar nonadenomatous lesions has the possibility to either improve or worsen pituitary hormonal function. Herein we present the rates and risk factors of new hormonal failure and recovery in patients undergoing surgery for either an RCC, craniopharyngioma, or tuberculum sella meningioma. METHODS All consecutive(More)
Adult-onset growth hormone deficiency (GHD) has been associated with reduced quality of life (QOL) and neurobehavioral (NB) deficits. This prospective study tested the hypothesis that traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with GHD or GH insufficiency (GHI) would exhibit greater NB/QOL impairment than patients without GHD/GHI. Complicated mild, moderate, and(More)
BACKGROUND Patient impressions remain an important yet often overlooked aspect of surgical success. Herein we present postoperative questionnaire results in patients after a standard direct endonasal approach, an extended suprasellar endonasal approach, and a reoperative transsphenoidal surgery for tumor removal with the operating microscope. METHODS From(More)
THE DIRECT ENDONASAL transsphenoidal approach to the sella with the operating microscope was initially described more than 20 years ago. Herein, we describe the technique, its evolution, and lessons learned over a 10-year period for treating pituitary adenomas and other parasellar pathology. From July 1998 to January 2008, 812 patients underwent a total of(More)
BACKGROUND More elderly patients are presenting with intracranial aneurysms. Many are poor surgical candidates and often undergo endovascular treatment. OBJECTIVE We present our experience with embolization in elderly patients. METHODS We performed a retrospective review of a prospective database of elderly patients treated with coil embolization for(More)
OBJECTIVE A graded approach to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak repair after transsphenoidal surgery is presented. METHODS Patients undergoing endonasal tumor removal during an 8-year period were reviewed. Intraoperative CSF leaks were classified as Grade 0, no leak observed; Grade 1, small leak without obvious diaphragmatic defect; Grade 2, moderate leak;(More)
OBJECTIVE Transsphenoidal adenomectomy carries the possibility of new pituitary failure and recovery. Herein, we present rates and determinants of postoperative hormonal status. METHODS All consecutive patients who underwent endonasal transsphenoidal adenoma removal over an 8-year period were analyzed. Those with previous sellar radiotherapy were(More)
OBJECTIVE Endonasal and supraorbital "eyebrow" craniotomies are increasingly being used to remove craniopharyngiomas and tuberculum sellae meningiomas. Herein, we assess the relative advantages, disadvantages, and selection criteria of these 2 keyhole approaches. METHODS All consecutive patients who had endonasal or supraorbital removal of a(More)