Joshua Portnoy

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BACKGROUND The clinical and physiologic features of respiratory bronchiolitis (RB)-interstitial lung disease (ILD) have been previously described; however, the natural history and outcome have not been systematically evaluated. The majority of published reports consider RB-ILD to be a nonprogressive ILD that clinically improves with smoking cessation and(More)
Alveolar type II (ATII) cells inhibit fibroblast proliferation in coculture by releasing or secreting a factor(s) that stimulates fibroblast production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). In the present study, we sought to determine the factors released from ATII cells that stimulate PGE2 production in fibroblasts. Exogenous addition of rat IL-1alpha to cultured(More)
Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF or FGF-7) stimulates alveolar type II cell proliferation, but little is known about the signaling pathways involved. We investigated the role of the ERK (p42/44 mitogen activated protein [MAP] kinase) and phosphatidylinositol 3-OH kinase (PI3 kinase) pathways on alveolar type II cell proliferation and differentiation. Rat(More)
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