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The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-preferring glutamate receptor subtype possesses, in addition to the recognition site for glutamate, a binding site for glycine. We report here on the pharmacological properties of 3-(4,6-dichloro-2-carboxyindol-3-yl)-propionic acid (MDL 29,951) and 4-carboxymethylamino-5,7-dichloroquinoline-2-carboxylic acid (MDL 100,748),(More)
Quantitative aspects of the potentiation of GABA and muscimol by benzodiazepines and barbiturates are reviewed, taking account of both electrophysiological and receptor binding data. It has been a consistent finding that barbiturates cause a greater maximal potentiation than do benzodiazepines. The steroid anaesthetic alphaxalone and some naturally(More)
The steroid derivative RU5135 has been tested for its ability to antagonize glycine and the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) analogue muscimol on isolated preparations of rat optic nerve and cuneate nucleus, respectively. On the cuneate nucleus, RU5135 antagonized muscimol in a competitive manner with a pA2 value of 8.31. RU5135 shared a common site of action(More)
1. Several derivatives of pregnane and androstane that have hypnotic properties have been investigated for their ability to potentiate responses to the GABAA receptor agonist muscimol and to reduce the effect of the non-competitive GABAA antagonist picrotoxin. 2. Depolarizing responses to muscimol in slices of rat cuneate nucleus were potentiated most(More)
Slices of rat cerebral cortex developed spontaneous paroxysmal discharges when superfused with Krebs medium containing zero Mg2+ or 50 microM bicuculline. In both situations, the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists APV, 100 microM, and ketamine, 100 microM substantially reduced the frequency of the paroxysmal events, the reduction being greater in zero(More)
1. The effects of L-glutamate diethyl ester (GDEE) HCl, glutarate diethyl ester (GlrDEE) and glutarate dimethyl ester (GlrDME) on depolarizing responses to alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5- methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA), kainate (Kain), N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and quisqualate (Quis), and spontaneous paroxysmal discharges (SPDs) were examined. Experiments(More)
– In this study, we used a set of hyperspectral Hyperion scenes and assessed the effects of differing spectral and spatial resolutions on MODIS-AVHRR vegetation index (VI) continuity. Hyperion scenes were processed to simulate atmospherically-corrected normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and 2-band enhanced vegetation index (EVI2) values at MODIS(More)
1. Depolarizing responses to DL-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (AP4) and related amino acids have been studied in the rat cerebral cortex slice following the application of quisqualate (Quis). 2. Before exposure to Quis, 500 microM DL-AP4 had little or no effect. However, following a single application of 40 microM Quis for 2 min, DL-AP4 produced depolarizing(More)
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