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Cell lines stably transfected with metal inducible, MT-fos chimeric genes were used to study the ability of the c-fos gene product, Fos, to act as a transcriptional trans-activator. In 3T3MTfos cells, induction of Fos expression led to specific trans-activation of an AP-1 responsive reporter gene. Induction of Fos expression in F9MTfos cells, however, did(More)
In an attempt to understand the role(s) of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in vivo during murine development, we have examined the 125I-EGF binding characteristics of EGF-receptors in membrane preparations of tissues from the 12th day of gestation to parturition. Using autoradiography, the earliest time that we could detect EGF-receptors was on trophoblast(More)
The cFos proto-oncoprotein associates with cJun to form a heterodimer with increased DNA binding and transcriptional activities. It has been suggested that dimerization of these proteins is mediated by the interdigitation of an orderly repeat of leucine residues forming a leucine zipper. In agreement with this model, we find that binding to the AP-1 site(More)
Up to 90% of patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer develop bone metastases, and the majority of these men have received androgen deprivation therapy known to cause bone loss. Whether this treatment-induced change to the bone microenvironment affects disseminated tumour cells, potentially stimulating development of bone metastasis, remains to be(More)
A set of 90 nonpolypotic colon cancer families in which germ-line mutations of MSH2 and MLH1 had been excluded were screened for mutations in two additional DNA mismatch repair genes, MSH6 and MSH3. Kindreds fulfilling and not fulfilling the Amsterdam I criteria, showing early and late onset colorectal (and other) cancers, and having microsatellite stable(More)
Transcription factor AP1 is a heteromeric complex composed of the Jun and Fos proteins. It has been shown that by associating with Jun, Fos increases Jun's ability to bind DNA and activate transcription. To determine the roles of the two proteins, we undertook the functional analysis described here. We show that both the cellular Jun and its viral(More)
Monoclonal antibodies to mouse epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor were prepared by the immunization of rats with receptor glycoprotein purified from mouse liver by affinity chromatography on immobilized EGF. Purified mouse EGF receptor retained EGF-inducible autophosphorylating activity and was antigenic in rats and rabbits. The monoclonal antibodies(More)
PMS2 is one of a complex of genes encoding DNA repair proteins that includes MSH2, MLH1, MSH6 and MSH3. Mutation of any of these DNA mismatch repair genes leads to impairment of DNA repair and can lead to tumorigenesis. Germline mutation of PMS2 has been reported as a rare cause of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and Turcot's syndrome. The(More)
Transferrin is an important growth-promoting serum glycoprotein synthesized chiefly in the liver in adults. The transferrin found in the mouse foetus is thought to be wholly a product of the foetus itself and its synthesis starts at lest as early as the 7th day of gestation. The major sites of synthesis in mouse foetuses are the visceral yolk sac (VYS) and(More)