Joshua M. Schmidt

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The increased transcription of the Cyp6g1 gene of Drosophila melanogaster, and consequent resistance to insecticides such as DDT, is a widely cited example of adaptation mediated by cis-regulatory change. A fragment of an Accord transposable element inserted upstream of the Cyp6g1 gene is causally associated with resistance and has spread to high(More)
Aquaporins are a family of homologous membrane proteins that function as highly selective water channels. Aquaporin-5 (AQP5) is uniquely present in lacrimal and salivary glands, where it accounts for normal tear and saliva production. We tested the hypothesis that orally administered human interferon-alpha (HuIFN-alpha) benefits persons with xerostomia by(More)
Our closest living relatives, chimpanzees and bonobos, have a complex demographic history. We analyzed the high-coverage whole genomes of 75 wild-born chimpanzees and bonobos from 10 countries in Africa. We found that chimpanzee population substructure makes genetic information a good predictor of geographic origin at country and regional scales. Multiple(More)
10 1, Department of Genetics and Evolutionary Biology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil 11 12 2, Evolutionary Genetics Department, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, 13 Germany 14 15 3, Current address: Unit of Human Evolutionary Genetics, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France 16 17 4, Current address: Computational Molecular(More)
The Resistance to Dieldrin gene, Rdl, encodes a GABA-gated chloride channel subunit that is targeted by cyclodiene and phenylpyrazole insecticides. The gene was first characterized in Drosophila melanogaster by genetic mapping of resistance to the cyclodiene dieldrin. The 4,000-fold resistance observed was due to a single amino acid replacement, Ala(301) to(More)
Scans of the Drosophila melanogaster genome have identified organophosphate resistance loci among those with the most pronounced signature of positive selection. In this study, the molecular basis of resistance to the organophosphate insecticide azinphos-methyl was investigated using the Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel, and genome-wide association.(More)
An intriguing observation from some studies of adaptive change is allelic series, where adaptive alleles successively replace each other at a single locus. For instance, at the Cyp6g1 locus of Drosophila melanogaster, transposable element insertions and a gene duplication event have combined to create at least two adaptive alleles in which the more derived(More)
Insecticide resistance evolves extremely rapidly, providing an illuminating model for the study of adaptation. With climate change reshaping species distribution, pest and disease vector control needs rethinking to include the effects of environmental variation and insect stress physiology. Here, we assessed how both long-term adaptation of populations to(More)
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